Alexander Ilyich Dutov

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Alexander Dutow

Alexander Ilyich Dutow ( Russian Александр Ильич Дутов ; * August 5, July 17  / August 17, 1879 greg. In Kasalinsk , Russian Empire ; † March 7, 1921 in Suydun , Republic of China ) was the leader of the Cossack units that formed during the Russian Civil War in Urals fought on the side of the whites . Since 1919 he held the rank of lieutenant general .

He received his military training in the army , which he successfully completed in 1908, at the Nikolajewski Cavalry School and at the General Staff Academy. During the First World War , he was deputy commander of a Cossack regiment from 1914 to 1917. After the February Revolution , Dutow was appointed chairman of the so-called All-Russian Association of Cossacks in June 1917. He then took over the position of head of the army administration and in September 1917 became an ataman of the Cossack army stationed in the vicinity of Orenburg .

In November 1917 he instigated a revolt against the local Bolshevik rulers in Orenburg , commonly known as the Dutow revolt . In June 1918 he then tried to wipe out the Bolshevik administration in the Urals with the help of the Czechoslovak legions . At that time he was in command of the part of the army of Admiral Kolchak , one of the main leaders of the whites, assigned to Orenburg .

After the fortunes of war turned to the Red Army , he helped various prominent whites to flee to China in 1920. These also belonged Balabanov , the former manager of Semiretschensk . After all, Dutow had to flee to China himself after his final defeat by the Red Guard. In March 1921 he was murdered in exile in China by the Bolshevik agent Chadschamirow ( Махмуд Хаджамиров ).

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