|State :||Tamil Nadu|
|Location :||12 ° 47 ' N , 78 ° 43' E|
|Height :||320 m|
|Area :||17.97 km²|
|Residents :||114,608 (2011)|
|Population density :||6378 inhabitants / km²|
Ambur ( Tamil : ஆம்பூர்) is a city in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu with about 115,000 inhabitants.
Ambur is located on the Palar River in northwest Tamil Nadu, about 52 km southwest of the district capital Vellore not far from the border with the neighboring state of Andhra Pradesh . The nearest international airports are in Bangalore and Chennai . Because of the relative altitude, the climate is moderate by Indian standards; the daytime temperatures fluctuate between 25 and 35 ° C and most of the precipitation falls in the months of October to December.
Muslims make up the majority of the population with around 50%, around 46% are Hindus and around 3.5% are Christians; the rest is made up of Jains, Buddhists and the like. a. The female proportion of the population slightly exceeds the male.
Ambur is one of the most important leather producing and processing cities in India.
In the 15th and 16th centuries Ambur was under the rule of the Vijayanagar Empire; in 1687 the Carnatic Nawabs followed , which were later replaced by the British . During the First Mysore War, Hyder Ali's troops besieged the city in 1767; however, the attack could be repulsed.
The relatively young and dynamic city has no historically or culturally significant sights. The Friday Mosque is an outwardly unadorned, but quite elegant building from the late 20th century with women's galleries .