Andreas Grünheide

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Care at the Bretschneider house (1635)

Andreas Grünheide (* 1613 in Grünwalde (later in the Prussian Eylau district ); † in the 17th century ) was a German servant in the Duchy of Prussia . On July 9, 1635, he survived the world's first opening of the stomach in Königsberg .

Prussian knife eater

To vomit , he put the handle of his knife down his throat on May 29, 1635. When he suddenly swallowed it, Georg von der Groeben and Martin Hadtlein , the mayor of Landsberg (East Prussia) , sent the 22-year-old man to Königsberg . With the approval of the medical faculty of the Albertus University in Königsberg , the knife was removed from the waited stomach by the surgeon Daniel Schwabe in a private house. Corroded , jagged and dull, Grünheide immediately recognized it: "This is my knife!"

Less than two weeks later he returned to his farm. Since he could no longer do heavy farm work, he had to buy himself out of his master at great cost . After getting married in 1641, he moved to Landsberg . Until the publication of Beckher's report in 1643 Grünheide was doing well.


  • Georg Loth the Elder : Relation of a swallowed knife and pulled out to Königsbergk . Dantzig 1635
  • Rotger Hemsing: Rejection of a number of uncleared things in D. Ge. Lorichii Messer-Tractat to be found: in addition to a laboriously improved relation of the knife that was swallowed on May 29, 1635 and cut out on July 9 at Königsberg . Elbing 1635. GoogleBooks
  • Daniel Beckher the Elder : Historical description of the Prussian knife-swallower, how he not only freed by a cut of the knife, happily healed, but now freed a woman, and taken his apartment in Landsberg in Prussia, which is still fresh and healthy up to now. In addition to his natural contrafayt and the swallowed knife of its own shape and length as well as discussions of five-toe medicinal questions . Koenigsberg 1643

Individual evidence

  1. Georg von der Groeben († September 7, 1648) was lord of Weskeim, Weisschnurren and Schönwiese and lord of the upper box in Natangen . By Simon Dach a lament comes to his widow.
  2. ^ Oskar Ehrhardt : A flying sheet about the first operative opening of the stomach . Old Prussian Monthly Journal 38 (1901), p. 290 ff.