Knöpken came from Priebrow near Küstrin (now Polish: Przyborów ) near Sonnenburg . Report the oldest information that he in 1492 pastor in wholesale Möllen was and the Coming of the church in the neighboring village Stretz had. In addition, he probably had a vicariate in Bublitz of the Bishop of Cammin . Shortly afterwards he got to know Johannes Bugenhagen , probably through his brother Jakob, who was vicar in Treptow at Rega and later came to be canon to St. Peter in Riga.
Around 1515 Knöpken went to the University of Ingolstadt for some time, then to the University of Frankfurt (Oder) for about two years . He returned to Treptow and finally succeeded Bugenhagen there in 1521. Under the influence of the Lutheran Reformation and Luther's De captivitate babylonica , he probably switched to the Reformation in late autumn 1520. Knöpken went to Riga and carried out the Reformation here.
In 1522 Knöpken disputed with representatives of the old church in Riga about 24 Reformation theses that he had put forward. He is then elected Archdeacon of St. Peter. Archbishop Jasper Linde can neither prevent his election nor prevent his subsequent reformatory activity. In doing so, Knöpken tends to follow the Wittenburg course of cautious change and gradual institutionalization of the new order and tries to avoid social unrest.
In 1524 his commentary on the letter to the Romans was printed in Wittenberg with a preface by Melanchthon. In the spring of 1529 he worked with the Prussian reformer Johannes Brießmann to draft a general order for church service , which in 1533 also became binding for Reval and Dorpat. The order ascribes a high degree of autonomy to the individual congregation; a hymn book is also attached to it, which also contains five songs by Knöpken. He is particularly dedicated to the school system.
When Knöpken died, the Reformation was firmly anchored in Riga and the Reformation of all of Prussia was also emerging as secure.
- Richard Hausmann: Knopken, Andreas . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 16, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1882, p. 324 f.
- Hellmuth Weiss: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 12, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1980, ISBN 3-428-00193-1 , p. 215 f. ( ). In:
- Wolfgang Weber: Andreas Knöpken. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 4, Bautz, Herzberg 1992, ISBN 3-88309-038-7 , Sp. 167-169.
- L. Arbusow jun .: The introduction of the Reformation in Liv, Estonia and Courland. (= Sources and research on the history of the Reformation. III). Leipzig 1921. (Reprint: Aalen 1964)
- J. Kuhles: The Reformation in Livonia - religious, political and economic effects. (= Hamburg contributions to the history of Eastern Europe. 16). Hamburg 2007.
- O. Pohrt: Reformation history of Livonia. An overview. (= Writings of the Association for Reformation History. 145). Leipzig 1928.
- Helmut Scheunchen : Lexicon of German Baltic Music. Harro von Hirschheydt Verlag, Wedemark-Elze 2002, ISBN 3-7777-0730-9 , p. 134.
- Carola L. Gottzmann / Petra Hörner: Lexicon of the German-language literature of the Baltic States and St. Petersburg . 3 volumes; Verlag Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 2007. ISBN 978-3-11-019338-1 . Volume 2, pp. 700-702
- Baltic Historical Commission (ed.): Entry on Andreas Knöpken. In: BBLD - Baltic Biographical Lexicon digital
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Knopken, Knopius|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German clergyman and reformer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1468|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Sonnenberg|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 18, 1539|
|Place of death||Riga|