Andrei Nikolayevich Chardin
Andrei Nikolajewitsch Chardin ( Russian Андрей Николаевич Хардин , scientific transliteration Andrej Nikolaevič Chardin ; * September 2 jul. / September 14, 1842 greg. In Sokolowo near Samara; † January 24 jul. / February 6, 1910 greg. In Samara ) was a Russian chess player and lawyer.
Chardin was born on his father's estate. He studied law in Kazan . In the 1870s he first appeared as a chess player in Saint Petersburg : in individual games he won against leading Russian players, including Simon Alapin , Mikhail Chigorin and others. In 1878 he moved to Samara , where he quickly made a name for himself as a lawyer and representative of public life. At the age of 28 he was elected chairman of the Samara Governorate Council, but lost this office shortly afterwards.
In 1891 he won a match against Rafail Falk in Samara 5-2. Chardin defeated Emanuel Schiffers in two correspondence games , but he was defeated by the master in a competition on the board (in Samara 1895) with 2: 7 (+1 = 2 −6). In the following Chardin largely withdrew from chess and only occasionally played easy games. Although Chardin played mostly long-distance games in his chess career, Chigorin considered him one of the best players in Russia.
Chardin's opponents in long-distance games included Russian personalities such as the mathematician Andrei Markow or the later founder of the Soviet Union , the young Vladimir Ilyich Lenin , who was a frequent guest at Chardin's house as a chess opponent and law student from 1889 to 1890; from February to August 1893 Lenin worked as an assistant to Chardin. Lenin's brother Dmitri Ulyanov mentions a tournament of about ten players in Samara for 1889/90, which Lenin won before Chardin, with Chardin being the only player to have the first category and having to give everyone else a handicap . Lenin had the second category, Chardin came second.
- Shachmatnyj Slovar. Moscow 1964, p. 372.
- Anatoly E. Karpov: Shachmaty. Encyclopedichesky Slowar. Moscow 1990, ISBN 5-85270-005-3 , p. 439.
- IM Linder: Chardin. in: Pervyje russkije mastera. [The first Russian champions], Moscow 1979.
- NA Grekow: AN Chardin (1842-1910). in: Schachmaty w SSSR. 1938, no.11.
- A. Grischanin: AN Chardin. in: Schachmaty w SSSR. 1960, No. 3.
References and comments
- Dmitri Ulyanov: Tournament winner: Lenin. in: black and white. Sportverlag Berlin 1960, OCLC 251630629 , p. 135.
- Gerda and Hermann Weber: Lenin Chronicle. dtv, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-423-03254-5 , p. 12.
- Dmitri Ulyanov: Tournament winner: Lenin. in: black and white. Sportverlag Berlin 1960, OCLC 251630629 , pp. 131-138.
- Replayable chess games by Andrei Nikolajewitsch Chardin on chessgames.com (English)
|SURNAME||Chardin, Andrei Nikolajewitsch|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Хардин, Андрей Николаевич (Russian)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Russian chess player|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 14, 1842|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Sokolowo near Samara|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 6, 1910|
|Place of death||Samara|