Apollonios of Rhodes

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Apollonios of Rhodes, Argonautika in the Florence manuscript written in 1280, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Plut. 32,16, fol. 207v

Apollonios of Rhodes (also Apollonios Rhodios ; * 295 BC , † 215 BC ) was an ancient Greek poet and scholar.

Apollonios was probably born in Alexandria . His strong bond with the island of Rhodes is beyond doubt; he is said to have lived there and obtained citizenship of the city ​​of Rhodes . In Alexandria he may have been a pupil of Callimachus of Cyrene . Between 270 BC BC and 245 BC He headed the famous Alexandria library as the successor to Zenodotus of Ephesus .


His main works are the Argonautika , an epic version of the Argonauts saga in four books. The legend existed long before his time. Homer had already referred to individual incidents, so Apollonios could assume they were known. According to the legend, a group of Greek heroes, led by Jason , sailed with the ship Argo to the land of Colchis , presumably in what is now Georgia , to search for the Golden Fleece .

Editions and translations

  • Apollonios de Rhodes: Argonautiques. 3 volumes. Les Belles Lettres, Paris 1974–1981 (authoritative text-critical edition with French translation).
    • Volume I: Chants I – II. Texts établi et commenté by Francis Vian et traduit by Émile Delage , 1974; Volume II: Chant III. Texts établi et commenté par Francis Vian et traduit par Émile Delage, 1980 (review by Jean Irigoin in: Revue des Études Grecques 76, 1963, pp. 494–495 online ); Volume III: Chant IV. Texts établi et commenté par Francis Vian, traduit par Émile Delage et Francis Vian, 1981.
  • Apollonii Rhodii Argonautica. Edited by Hermann Fraenkel . Clarendon, Oxford 1961. 9th print around 1994, ISBN 0-19-814559-4 (text-critical edition).
  • Apollonios of Rhodes: The Ride of the Argonauts. Greek / German. Translated and commented by Paul Dräger (= Reclams Universal-Bibliothek. Vol. 18231). Revised and supplemented edition. Reclam, Stuttgart 2010, ISBN 3-15-018231-X .
  • Apollonios of Rhodes: The Argonaut epic. Translated and explained by Reinhold Glei and Stephanie Natzel-Glei. 2 volumes. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt 1996, ISBN 3-534-12184-8 , ISBN 3-534-12185-6 (review by Paul Dräger in: Anzeiger für die Altertumswwissenschaft 52, 1999, pp. 4-20).
  • Apollonios Rhodios: The Argonauts. Translated into German by Thassilo von Scheffer . Dieterich'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (= Dieterich Collection Volume 90), Wiesbaden 1947.
  • Apollonius Rhodius: The Argonautica. With an English translation by Robert C. Seaton . Heinemann, London 1912. Most recently, 1988, ISBN 0-434-99001-9 .


  • James Joseph Clauss : The Best of the Argonauts. The Redefinition of the Epic Hero in Book 1 of Apollonius' Argonautica. University of California Press, 1993.
  • Eva Happle: The first three voyage episodes in the Argonautica of Apollonios Rhodios and Valerius Flaccus. Dissertation Freiburg 1957.
  • Paul Dräger : The Argonautica of Apollonios Rhodios: The second anger epic of Greek literature. Saur, Munich / Leipzig 2001, ISBN 3-598-77707-8 .
  • Evina Sistakou, Antonios Rengakos : Apollonios Rhodios . In: Bernhard Zimmermann , Antonios Rengakos (Hrsg.): Handbook of the Greek literature of antiquity. Volume 2: The Literature of the Classical and Hellenistic Period. CH Beck, Munich 2014, ISBN 978-3-406-61818-5 , pp. 158-175.
  • Wolfgang Polleichtner: Apollonios of Rhodes (Apollonios Rhodios). Argonautiká. In: Christine Walde (Ed.): The reception of ancient literature. Kulturhistorisches Werklexikon (= Der Neue Pauly . Supplements. Volume 7). Metzler, Stuttgart / Weimar 2010, ISBN 978-3-476-02034-5 , Sp. 35-44.

Web links

Wikisource: Apollonios of Rhodes  - Sources and full texts


  1. Homer, Iliad VII 468f .; Odyssey XII 69ff.