Güsen – Jerichow railway line
Jerichow station 1999
|Route number :||6884|
|Course book section (DB) :||263 (1999)|
|Route length:||21.1 km|
|Gauge :||1435 mm ( standard gauge )|
The 21-kilometer route connected the Güsen rail junction on the Berlin – Magdeburg railway line with the small town of Jerichow . In Güsen, the route began in the small train station south of the Berlin – Magdeburg railway line, which was also the starting point for the Güsen – Ziesar railway line . The line to Jerichow crosses the tracks in the direction of Berlin east of the station with an overpass. The route runs east of the village of Güsen, where there was also a nearby stop. The Elbe-Havel Canal is crossed south of Zorien . The section up to Zorben will continue to be used by freight. The route now ran northwards on the eastern edge of the Elbe glacial valley through mostly flat, partially forested land. At Parey the line crossed the Pareyer connecting canal and the bridge was demolished in 2015. The route continues north via Derben , Ferchland and Klietznick . South of Jerichow, the line met the Genthin – Schönhausen railway line and went with it into the city. The station was east of the city center.
Industrial followers on the route were or are:
- Concrete sleepers factory Güsen (currently: DW threshold GmbH factory Güsen) - km 4.650
- VEB Metallleichtbaukombinat Magdeburg plant, Parey - MLK - km 6.750 and km 7.195
- VEB Metallaufverarbeitung Magdeburg (until 1945 - Wirtschaftliche Forschungsgesellschaft GmbH ) - km 12.3 and km 13.4
On April 2, 1917, the Ziesarer Kleinbahn AG opened the line from Güsen to Ziesar. The Genthin – Schönhausen line was opened as early as 1899 by Genthiner Kleinbahn AG . The First World War adversely affected the development of both railways. The construction of the connection between the two railways, which had long been required by the villages south of Jerichow, was delayed. Even after construction began in the spring of 1919, it took another five years before trains could run on the line on October 25, 1924. The construction work was not officially finished until March 23, 1925. In the meantime, both railway companies had merged on March 28, 1923 to form Kleinbahn AG Genthin – Ziesar , based in Genthin.
At the beginning of the 1930s, some of the train services on the route were replaced by small-scale buses. From 1935 to 1939 they took over all passenger traffic on the route, and passenger trains did not return to service until the outbreak of war.
On April 1, 1949, the line was incorporated into the inventory of the Deutsche Reichsbahn . At the end of the war, the bridge over the Elbe-Havel Canal was destroyed. It could only be rebuilt in 1952. Until then, there was only passenger traffic between Jerichow and Neuderbe . After traffic on the entire route was resumed, initially seven pairs of trains ran daily.
Since the 1970s, passenger traffic has mostly been carried out with rail buses , which ran on the line until passenger traffic was discontinued in 1999, most recently referred to as the 771 and 772 series. They were maintained in the Jerichow depot . While at the end of the 1970s up to eleven trains ran in each direction on weekdays, in the 1980s the range was reduced to around seven pairs of trains. In 1995 the traffic was synchronized and a two-hour service (with a gap in the morning) was introduced. On May 29, 1999, traffic on the route through the state of Saxony-Anhalt was canceled. Freight traffic between Zorben and Jerichow had already been stopped on January 1, 1994.
On January 1, 2005, the Güsen – Jerichow railway line was shut down by the Federal Railway Authority. However, the four-kilometer section from Güsen to Zorien remained in operation as the station siding of Güsen station. To this day, goods traffic to a concrete sleeper factory takes place there. Before that, a metal factory, which was of great importance in the manufacture of lattice masts, was served in Parey .
The route is dismantled north of Zorben.
The route was listed under different timetable numbers. For a long time in the GDR it wore the number 708, until the end of service under the direction of Deutsche Bahn the number 263.