Unified municipality Elbe-Parey
|Coordinates: 52 ° 21 ′ 21 ″ N , 11 ° 57 ′ 5 ″ E|
|Height :||38 m|
|Area :||8.66 km²|
|Residents :||280 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||32 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||September 1, 2001|
|Postal code :||39317|
|Area code :||039344|
Country idyll at the castle in the evening sun
Zerbe is part of the Elbe-Parey community in the Jerichower Land district in Saxony-Anhalt .
Zerbe is embedded between the Elbe , which flows past around two kilometers to the west, and the Elbe-Havel Canal . The Zerbe lock is in the immediate vicinity . The Havelsche Mark landscape area extends towards the Elbe, while a two-square-kilometer forest area extends west of the district. The entire area around the place is at a height of 38 meters above sea level. There is no through traffic in the village, because the state road 54 runs about two kilometers east of the village and is only reached via a spur road. The main town of the unified municipality, Parey , is four kilometers away, the distance to the district town of Burg is 19 kilometers. There is a bridge over the canal to the neighboring town of Güsen with a rail connection on the Berlin – Magdeburg railway line .
The municipality of Elbe-Parey advertises that Theodor Fontane's novel “ Effi Briest ” is a key novel and that Effi Briest “in reality” means Elisabeth von Plotho , who was born on October 26, 1853 in Zorben and whose parents are buried there . According to this, the Hohen-Cremmen estate is Zeren Castle, where today there are regular guided tours in the footsteps of Effi Briest. The Plothos were the landlords of the place for centuries.
Archaeological finds have shown that people had already settled in the Zerbian area as early as the Neolithic (around 3000 BC). As early as the middle of the 10th century, the von Plotho aristocratic family owned a castle in Zorien. For the year 946 the "Noble Lord and Baron Carl Albrecht Felix von Plotho" was named as the owner. Zerbe also owes its first documentary mention to the von Plotho family. In 1383, the Archbishop of Magdeburg, Albrecht IV, enfeoffed the von Plotho with the then so-called place "villam Czerwen". In registers from 1562 and 1564, 20 landlords, two manors and a manor with a castle owned by the von Plotho family are listed. In 1583 Zorben became the property of the Flemish line of Plotho based in Ingelmunster , Belgium . In 1606 the von Plotho family founded a church. The consequences of the Thirty Years' War for Zerbe are described in a report from 1657. The castle and nine of the previously 22 houses were destroyed, the church and the manor house were badly damaged. When the dyke broke, the Elbe caused great damage again in 1655.
In 1680 Zerbe came under the sovereignty of Brandenburg-Prussia . The village was initially administered in the general district of Jerichow and in 1785 was subordinated to the Jerichow II district, from which the Jerichow II district with the district town of Genthin was formed after the Prussian administrative reform of 1815 . In 1743 the landlord Werner Siegfried von Plotho donated a new church to the town. From 1746 to 1780 the village was owned by the von Pfuel family. After the Flemish line of Plotho died out, Zorien became the property of the Räckendorfer branch of the von Plotho family in 1835, represented by Felix Waldemar von Plotho, father of Elisabeth von Plotho, Fontane's “Effi Briest”. In 1847 he had a simple half-timbered house converted into a new castle.
With the completion of the Elbe-Havel Canal in 1845, Zerben's economic structure changed. The nearby clay deposits were exploited by a brickyard and a clay works. Between 1874 and 1879, under Wolfgang von Plotho, the palace was extensively converted into a three-winged neo-baroque complex. From 1901 to 1904, Baron von Plotho, who lived in Zorien, was the district administrator of the Jerichow II district. At that time, Zorben had 371 residents. In 1924 Zerbe got its own station on the Güsen – Jerichow railway line, but it was laid out more than a kilometer outside the village. At the beginning of the Second World War, the population had risen to 423.
On September 30, 1928, the Zerbe manor district was merged with the rural community Zorien. After the end of the war, the manor was expropriated at the instigation of the Soviet occupying power and the property was divided among small farmers. The castle was transferred to the so-called public property, and in 1948 parts of the castle were demolished. In the GDR, Züben was administratively under the district of Genthin. In 1964, 460 people lived in Zerba.
After the political change in 1989, Zorien benefited primarily from public funding programs that improved the town's infrastructure. This also benefited the Zerbe Castle, which, following its acquisition by the municipality in 1996, was gradually rebuilt from 1999 onwards, true to the original. The Güsen – Jerichow railway line was closed in 1999. On September 1, 2001, Zorben was incorporated into the Elbe-Parey community.
The interests of the Zerbe district in the Elbe-Parey community are represented by the three-person local council.
The local mayor is Dietmar Kohrt (individual applicant).
coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved on October 6, 2000 by the Magdeburg Regional Council.
Blazon : "In gold, a fallen, six-limbed, stalked, black-structured green chestnut leaf under a blue wavy strip."
The colors of the parish are green - gold (yellow).
Historical coat of arms
The former municipality of Zerbe once had a seal image similar to a coat of arms in its municipality seal. This was used in the period after the Second World War until around the introduction of the districts and counties in the GDR (1945–1952). Another source is the County Home Museum in Genthin.
Culture and sights
- In 1743 Werner Siegfried von Plotho donated the new building of the Zorien village church on the site of the previous building.
- The Castle Zerben was erected in 1847 by the conversion of a simple truss assembly to castle. Between 1874 and 1879, Wolfgang von Plotho had the facility extensively expanded. After it was partially demolished in 1948, efforts have been made to restore the property since 1999.
- The village's cemetery is the resting place of the von Plotho family, the parents of Baroness Elisabeth von Ardenne.
- CD Saxony-Anhalt - Official topographic maps. State Office for Land Surveying and Geoinformation, 2003
- ^ Leopold von Ledebur: Adelslexikon der Prussischen Monarchy . Rauh, 1856, p. 196.
- ↑ Administrative region of Magdeburg (Ed.): Official Gazette of the Government of Magdeburg . 1928, ZDB -ID 3766-7 , p. 225 .
- ↑ StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2001
- ↑ Zerbe local council
- ↑ History of Zerbe Castle