Unified municipality Elbe-Parey
|Coordinates: 52 ° 23 ′ 43 ″ N , 12 ° 3 ′ 1 ″ E|
|Height :||36 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||14.39 km²|
|Residents :||608 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||42 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||September 1, 2001|
|Postal code :||39307|
|Area code :||039349|
Bergzow is part of the Elbe-Parey community in the Jerichower Land district in Saxony-Anhalt .
District roads 1205 and 1206 meet in the village and connect to the administrative center of Parey , the city of Genthin and the neighboring village of Parchen to the south . The district town of Burg is 23 kilometers away. There is no rail connection. The proximity to the Elbe-Havel Canal , to which there is a direct water connection via the Bergzower Alt Canal , which is named after the place, is only of touristic importance . While the Bergzower Altkanal, a remnant of the former Ihlekanals , forms the local boundary to the west, a narrow strip of agricultural land extends to the east, which is bordered by forest areas to the north and south.
The place name is of Slavic origin, so that the settlement should have existed as early as the 8th or 9th century. A Wendish hill fort dates from this time , the remains of which are now 2.5 kilometers east of the village on Mönchberg. Over the centuries the name developed via Berkezow (1400), Beekove (1459), Berchzow (1562) to its current spelling, which has been used since 1786. In 1370 the first documentary mention was made in the loan register of the Magdeburg Archdiocese , to which the place belonged since 1294.
A church was built as early as the first half of the 13th century. Until the beginning of the 19th century, Bergzow was subordinate to the Altenplathow office, which came under the rule of Brandenburg-Prussia after the Thirty Years' War . It was also the Prussian King Frederick the Great who ensured an economic boom in Bergzow with his order to build the Ihle Canal .
With around 750 mercenaries, the canal construction began in 1865, for the course of which the bed of the Ihle River was used and which thus led directly past Bergzow. After it was completed in 1872, several brickworks settled in the area, which ensured that Bergzower Schiffer could take over the brick transport over the canal to Berlin. The clay pits became exhausted over time, so that of the former eleven brickworks in 1920 only one was still in operation.
The Magdeburg – Potsdam railway line, which had existed since 1846, with the Bergzow-Parchen station 2.5 kilometers away, and the road to Genthin built around 1900 had not brought any further industrial settlements, so that Bergzow lived mainly from agriculture at the beginning of the 20th century. Nevertheless, the number of inhabitants rose from 861 in 1885 to 1170 in 1933. With the completion of the Mittelland Canal in 1938, Bergzow also lost its immediate location on the canal, because the new canal bed now ran one and a half kilometers north of the village.
On October 1, 1921, the Bergzow manor district was incorporated into the Bergzow rural community.
In 1952, the last industrial company, the Sanger Brickworks, closed near Bergzow. In the same year the place was incorporated into the Genthin district as part of the GDR regional reform. From 1953 the farms were transferred to an LPG . In 1964 Bergzow had 1,041 inhabitants. On May 28, 1994 the Bergzow-Parchen train station was closed.
On September 1, 2001 Bergzow joined the Elbe-Parey community.
The Bergzow local council consists of seven members.
Local mayor is Antje Wascher (BVB).
coat of arms
|Blazon : “Divided by silver and red; above six red bricks 3: 2: 1, below a silver anchor. "|
|Justification of the coat of arms: The coat of arms was designed in 1998 by the municipal heraldist Jörg Mantzsch and included in the approval process. Its symbols refer to the shipping that used to be associated with the place and the once more than 10 brickworks. Since Bergzow was once an archbishop's fiefdom, the colors were also linked to this tradition and the coat of arms was tinged silver and red.|
Historical seal image
The former Bergzow community already had a coat of arms-like seal image in its community seal. This was used in the period after the Second World War until around the introduction of the districts and counties in the GDR (1945–1952). Another source is the County Home Museum in Genthin.
Culture and sights
- The Bergzow village church, built between 1120 and 1160, is a later plastered brick building that was extensively renovated in 2006–2007 and 2009.
- The Bergzower Altkanal connects the village to the nearby Elbe-Havel Canal.
- About 2500 meters east of the village can be found on the Mönchebergstraße the remains of an ancient hill fort .
- To the west on the outskirts is the well-preserved Bergzow lock of the former Ihle Canal . The lock had a usable length of 47 meters and is 8 meters wide. The height of fall was 2.70 meters.
- The ground monument (ID 428300572) Wüstung Bergzow lies between the church and the former Ihle Canal.
- CD Saxony-Anhalt - Official Topographic Maps, State Office for Land Surveying and Geoinformation, 2003
- Old Bergzow lock on a private site
- ↑ Administrative region of Magdeburg (Ed.): Official Gazette of the Government of Magdeburg . 1921, ZDB -ID 3766-7 , p. 267 .
- ↑ StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2001
- ^ The local council and its members. Elbe-Parey municipality, accessed on September 14, 2015 .
- ^ Entry on Wallburg Bergzow in the private database "Alle Burgen".