District Jerichow II

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District Jerichow II

The district of Jerichow II , until 1939 district of Jerichow II , existed in the Prussian province of Saxony and the state of Saxony-Anhalt of the Soviet occupation zone and GDR from 1816 to June 30, 1950.

Administrative history

Kingdom of Prussia

As part of the Prussian administrative reforms after the Congress of Vienna , the Jerichow II district was established in the Magdeburg administrative district of the province of Saxony on July 1, 1816 . The district emerged from the 2nd district of the Jerichower district of the former Duchy of Magdeburg . The first district administrator, from 1816 to 1821, was Christian Karl Wilhelm von Katte , who had the difficult task of reorganizing the district in terms of administration, infrastructure and economy. The district office was in Genthin , but from 1846 to 1848 it was in Redekin . On January 1, 1818, the district received the villages of Bahnitz and Ritzahn from the administrative district of Potsdam .

North German Confederation / German Empire

Since July 1, 1867, the district belonged to the North German Confederation and since January 1, 1871 to the German Empire . On July 21, 1875, the Gränert manor district was reclassified from the Zauch-Belzig district , Brandenburg province , Potsdam administrative district, to the Jerichow II district.

On September 30, 1929, a regional reform took place in line with developments in the rest of the Free State of Prussia , in which all independent manor districts were dissolved and assigned to neighboring rural communities. On January 1, 1939, the received circle Jerichow II the title according to the rich now unified control district . After the dissolution of the province of Saxony on July 1, 1944, the district belonged to the new province of Magdeburg , administrative district of Magdeburg.

In the spring of 1945 the district was occupied by the Red Army .

Soviet occupation zone / German Democratic Republic

On July 1, 1950, the GDR underwent its first administrative reform :

In the course of the administrative reform of 1952 in the GDR, extensive changes were made to the delimitation of the district:

Population development

year Residents source
1816 32,181
1843 43,686
1871 52,920
1890 55,717
1900 57,768
1910 60,403
1925 67,707
1933 69.052
1939 75,736
1946 98,339

Local constitution until 1945

The district of Jerichow II was divided into cities, into rural communities and - until their dissolution in 1929 - into independent manor districts . With the introduction of the Prussian Municipal Constitutional Law of December 15, 1933 and the German Municipal Code of January 30, 1935, the leader principle was enforced at the municipal level on April 1, 1935 . A new district constitution was no longer created; The district regulations for the provinces of East and West Prussia, Brandenburg, Pomerania, Silesia and Saxony from March 19, 1881 continued to apply.

coat of arms

The coat of arms was awarded on April 21, 1938 by the President of the Province of Saxony.

Blazon : “Quartered; Field 1 and 4: divided by red over silver; Fields 2 and 3: a golden three-leaf clover in blue, angled by three silver oak leaves. "

In fields 1 and 4, the division and the colors red / silver point to the coat of arms of the former archbishopric / duchy of Magdeburg. A small part of the district of Jerichow II, which belonged to the Altmark until 1816 , had been a fief of the von Bismarck family since 1562 and also included Schönhausen , the birthplace of Otto von Bismarck . This historical context explains the inclusion of the Bismarck family coat of arms in the coat of arms of the district of Jerichow II (fields 2 and 3).

District administrators

cities and communes

Status 1945

In 1945 the district of Jerichow II comprised three cities and 89 other municipalities:

Municipalities dissolved or left by 1945

Web links

Commons : Landkreis Jerichow II  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b genealogy.net: District Jerichow II
  2. ^ Christian Gottfried Daniel Stein: Handbook of Geography and Statistics of the Prussian State . Vossische Buchhandlung, Berlin 1819, The administrative district of Magdeburg, p. 333 ( digitized version [accessed July 5, 2016]).
  3. ^ Handbook of the Province of Saxony . Rubachsche Buchhandlung, Magdeburg 1843, p. 118 ( digitized version [accessed July 6, 2016]).
  4. Royal Statistical Office of Prussia (ed.): The municipalities and manor districts of the Prussian state and their population . The municipalities and manor districts of the Province of Saxony. Publishing house d. Royal Extra Bureaus, Berlin 1873 ( digitized [accessed July 5, 2016]).
  5. a b c d e f g Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Jerichow II district (online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  6. 1946 census
  7. ^ Horst Weber: Biography of Ludwig Heinrich Wilhelm von Arnim. University of Magdeburg, accessed on April 21, 2013 .
  8. ^ Ortschronik Milow