District Jerichow II
The district of Jerichow II , until 1939 district of Jerichow II , existed in the Prussian province of Saxony and the state of Saxony-Anhalt of the Soviet occupation zone and GDR from 1816 to June 30, 1950.
Kingdom of Prussia
As part of the Prussian administrative reforms after the Congress of Vienna , the Jerichow II district was established in the Magdeburg administrative district of the province of Saxony on July 1, 1816 . The district emerged from the 2nd district of the Jerichower district of the former Duchy of Magdeburg . The first district administrator, from 1816 to 1821, was Christian Karl Wilhelm von Katte , who had the difficult task of reorganizing the district in terms of administration, infrastructure and economy. The district office was in Genthin , but from 1846 to 1848 it was in Redekin . On January 1, 1818, the district received the villages of Bahnitz and Ritzahn from the administrative district of Potsdam .
North German Confederation / German Empire
Since July 1, 1867, the district belonged to the North German Confederation and since January 1, 1871 to the German Empire . On July 21, 1875, the Gränert manor district was reclassified from the Zauch-Belzig district , Brandenburg province , Potsdam administrative district, to the Jerichow II district.
On September 30, 1929, a regional reform took place in line with developments in the rest of the Free State of Prussia , in which all independent manor districts were dissolved and assigned to neighboring rural communities. On January 1, 1939, the received circle Jerichow II the title according to the rich now unified control district . After the dissolution of the province of Saxony on July 1, 1944, the district belonged to the new province of Magdeburg , administrative district of Magdeburg.
In the spring of 1945 the district was occupied by the Red Army .
Soviet occupation zone / German Democratic Republic
On July 1, 1950, the GDR underwent its first administrative reform :
- The district of Jerichow II was dissolved.
- The communities of Göttlin , Grütz , Kirchmöser and Neue Schleuse moved to the Westhavelland district in the state of Brandenburg .
- The community of Reesen moved to the district of Burg .
- The remaining parishes formed the new district of Genthin .
In the course of the administrative reform of 1952 in the GDR, extensive changes were made to the delimitation of the district:
- The communities Großwusterwitz , Rogäsen , Viesen and Warchau came to the Brandenburg-Land district in the Potsdam district .
- The municipality of Krüssau came to the Burg district in the Magdeburg district .
- The town of Sandau a./Elbe and the communities of Böhne , Fischbeck , Hohengöhren , Kamern , Klietz , Kuhlhausen , Mangelsdorf , Schollene , Schönfeld , Schönhausen (Elbe) , Sydow , Vieritz , Warnau , Wudicke , Wust and Zollchow came to the Havelberg district in the district Magdeburg .
- The communities Milow , Möthlitz , Nitzahn and Steckelsdorf came to the Rathenow district in the Potsdam district .
- All other communities, including the cities of Genthin and Jerichow , formed the district of Genthin in the district of Magdeburg .
Local constitution until 1945
The district of Jerichow II was divided into cities, into rural communities and - until their dissolution in 1929 - into independent manor districts . With the introduction of the Prussian Municipal Constitutional Law of December 15, 1933 and the German Municipal Code of January 30, 1935, the leader principle was enforced at the municipal level on April 1, 1935 . A new district constitution was no longer created; The district regulations for the provinces of East and West Prussia, Brandenburg, Pomerania, Silesia and Saxony from March 19, 1881 continued to apply.
coat of arms
The coat of arms was awarded on April 21, 1938 by the President of the Province of Saxony.
Blazon : “Quartered; Field 1 and 4: divided by red over silver; Fields 2 and 3: a golden three-leaf clover in blue, angled by three silver oak leaves. "
In fields 1 and 4, the division and the colors red / silver point to the coat of arms of the former archbishopric / duchy of Magdeburg. A small part of the district of Jerichow II, which belonged to the Altmark until 1816 , had been a fief of the von Bismarck family since 1562 and also included Schönhausen , the birthplace of Otto von Bismarck . This historical context explains the inclusion of the Bismarck family coat of arms in the coat of arms of the district of Jerichow II (fields 2 and 3).
- Karl von Katte 1816 (acting), 1817–1821
- Wilhelm von Arnim 1821–1845
- Eduard von Alvensleben 1845–1862
- Heinrich von Brauchitsch 1863–1871
- Ludwig von Wartensleben 1872–1901
- Wolfgang von Plotho 1901–1904
- Kersten von Schenck 1904–1920
- Kurt Häntzschel 1921-
- Paul Albrecht 1945–1949
cities and communes
In 1945 the district of Jerichow II comprised three cities and 89 other municipalities:
Municipalities dissolved or left by 1945
- Altenplathow , 1923 to Genthin
- Altmilow , Neumilow and Leopoldsburg , 1914 to the municipality Milow together
- Gütter , in 1930 to the independent city of Burg near Magdeburg
- Wendeberg , 1929 on garlic
- genealogy.net: District Jerichow II
- Christian Gottfried Daniel Stein: Handbook of Geography and Statistics of the Prussian State . Vossische Buchhandlung, Berlin 1819, The administrative district of Magdeburg, p. 333 ( digitized version [accessed July 5, 2016]).
- Handbook of the Province of Saxony . Rubachsche Buchhandlung, Magdeburg 1843, p. 118 ( digitized version [accessed July 6, 2016]).
- Royal Statistical Office of Prussia (ed.): The municipalities and manor districts of the Prussian state and their population . The municipalities and manor districts of the Province of Saxony. Publishing house d. Royal Extra Bureaus, Berlin 1873 ( digitized [accessed July 5, 2016]).
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Jerichow II district (online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- 1946 census
- Horst Weber: Biography of Ludwig Heinrich Wilhelm von Arnim. University of Magdeburg, accessed on April 21, 2013 .
- Ortschronik Milow