The most commonly used types belong to the basic steels category . They are usually low alloyed and only partially heat-treated (if heat treated, then normalized, and normalizing called). This results in moderately good properties (which, however, are sufficient for many applications) at a low price.
The distinction between structural and quality steels is no longer appropriate today due to technical progress, as a distinction is made between the classification according to composition and technical parameters on the one hand and according to purpose on the other. Alloyed stainless steels are also used, for example, as structural steels.
In general, almost all low-carbon steels are structural steels. For the higher-carbon varieties, the limits are fluid and cannot be determined using this rule of thumb. According to the new EN standards, structural steels are all steels that are not used directly as tool steel . Structural steels are weldable and can be annealed to reduce stress. Fine-grain structural steel is particularly suitable for welding and has a higher tensile strength.
In the structure of the steels according to EN 10027 they get the prefix symbol S for " S tructural Steel" (steels for steel construction). The following number indicates the yield point (R e ) in N / mm².
Common names are e.g. B.
- S235JR + AR (new edition EN 10025-2: 2004–10, earlier S235JRG2, even earlier St 37-2, material number 1.0036 to 1.0038, earlier designation according to EU 25-72 also Fe 360 B)
- S355J2 + N (new edition EN 10025-2: 2004-10, earlier S355J2G3, even earlier St 52-3 N, material number 1.0577 or 1.0570, earlier designation according to EU 25-72 also Fe 510 D1)
The structural steel grades are standardized in EN 10025.
The designations according to DIN 17100 with the prefix “St” (values in brackets above St 37…) are invalid and should no longer be used, but are still widely used in everyday language. The addition after the yield point are additional symbols.
|Yield point (yield point)||185-355 N / mm²|
|tensile strenght||340-510 N / mm²|
|Elongation at break||18-26.1%|
|Modulus of elasticity||210 GPa|
|Shear modulus||81000 N / mm²|
- DIN 488-1 for structural steel; accessed on February 7, 2019
- Leaflet 434 Weatherproof Structural Steel (accessed on September 25, 2015)
- Changes in the properties of structural steels through the addition of alloying elements such as boron or chromium (accessed on September 25, 2015)
- Color coding tool and Structural steel (accessed August 1, 2017)