Even in the early phase of industrialization in Germany, senior management personnel for mining were trained in their own school (mountain school). The primary goal was to impart a broad basic technical knowledge in order to be able to carry out the various tasks underground in a professional manner. It was replaced in the west in 1963 by the state mining engineering school. Training at a mountain school usually lasted two years and was combined with practical work in a mine .
Since earlier the education of many miners was not sufficient for a visit to the mountain school were at the beginning of the 20th century often Foothill schools or mountain preschools established to the miners in their basic education to the visit of a mountain school prepare ( "Theoretical overshoot").
Well-known mountain schools were or are:
- Mountain School St. Joachimsthal , Bohemia (1716–1733)
- Clausthal-Zellerfeld mountain and hut school (1775–1998), since 1998 Clausthal-Zellerfeld technical school for economics and technology
- Mountain School Freiberg in Saxony (since 1777)
- Royal free mountain school in Steben (1793)
- Eisleben Mountain School (1798)
- Tarnowitz Mountain School, Upper Silesia (1803)
- Mountain School Königshütte (1803)
- Mountain School Essen (1808–1864)
- Mountain School Saarbrücken (1816)
- Bergschule Bochum, North Rhine-Westphalia (1816 until today); From this, the TFH Georg Agricola developed in 1963 and the Bergfachschule in 1964, which is now the vocational college of RAG Bildung .
- Bergschule Siegen (1818–1967)
- Waldenburg Mountain School, Lower Silesia (1838)
- Mountain School Düren (1857–1867)
- Bergschule Zwickau , Saxony (October 13, 1862– September 23, 1965), 1949–1965 Georgius Agricola mining engineering school ; current: West Saxon University of Applied Sciences Zwickau
- Mountain School Miesbach (1872–1882)
- Bergschule Göttelborn (1887)
- Peiskretscham mountain school, Upper Silesia
- Rhenish lignite mining school in Frechen
- Walter Bischoff , Heinz Bramann, Westfälische Berggewerkschaftskasse Bochum: The small mining dictionary. 7th edition, Verlag Glückauf GmbH, Essen, 1988, ISBN 3-7739-0501-7
- Ernst-Ulrich Reuther: Introduction to mining. 1st edition, Verlag Glückauf GmbH, Essen, 1982, ISBN 3-7739-0390-1
- Herbert Kaden : The Saxon mountain school system. Origin, development, epilogue (1776–1924) . Böhlau, Cologne 2012. ISBN 978-3-412-20858-5
- Joseph Loos: Mountain schools and mining colleges . In: Encyclopedic Handbook of Education . A-LI band. Salzwasser, Paderborn 2012, ISBN 978-3-8460-0432-6 , p. 126–128 ( limited preview in Google Book Search - unchanged reprint of the original edition from 1906).
- The Prussian mountain schools. In: books.google.de. Retrieved September 11, 2016 .
- 40063 Bergschule Freiberg in the Freiberg mountain archive
- Jáchymov Mining Cultural Landscape - Ore Mountains / Krušnohoři Mining Cultural Landscape. (No longer available online.) In: montanregion-erzgebirge.de. Archived from the original on September 16, 2016 ; accessed on September 11, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.