A mining academy ( BA ) is a mining science educational institution. Future miners and smelters receive a higher education here. Important modern fields of education are geology , engineering geology , mineralogy , materials science , geoecology , process engineering and mine separation .
In Germany, four universities have recently carried this designation (previously also in Bohemia, southern Poland and Russia), while the analogue training in Austria takes place at the Montanuniversität Leoben, in other countries mostly at technical universities , a school of mining or at natural science faculties a university.
Creation of the mining academies
The mountain schools are not to be confused with a mining academy because they were used to train miners and ostensibly do not impart any scientific knowledge. Before the Bergakademie Freiberg was founded, however, there was a growing qualification of the content in the mountain schools because technical progress forced new teaching content. This development led to the formation of academic mining schools (first in Freiberg, 1765).
The model and much of the teaching content of the Bergakademie Freiberg were transferred to numerous countries when comparable mining universities were founded. Former foreign mountain academics from Freiberg brought the necessary knowledge to their countries. In this context, Abraham Gottlob Werner is of particular importance, as he gave a particularly vivid instruction in numerous mining subjects, which was modern for the times.
From the Scottish geologist Charles Lyell a quote from 1833 is transmitted: “In a few years the Bergakademie (zu Freiberg), previously unknown in Europe, gained the reputation of a great university, and men who had already distinguished themselves in scientific terms studied it German language and came from distant areas to hear the great oracle of geology. "
Mining academies and comparable institutions
- Horst-Ulrich Textor: Mountain student customs . Once and Now, Yearbook of the Society for Corps Student History Research , Vol. 46 (2001), pp. 11–32.
- Otfried Wagenbreth: History of Geology in Germany . Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart 1999, p. 43 ISBN 3-13-118361-6
- History of the Technical University Bergakademie Freiberg. Corps Saxo-Borussia Freiberg , archived from the original on October 2, 2009 ; Retrieved August 13, 2012 .
- Peter Konečný: The mining education in the Habsburg Monarchy, 1763-1848 . In: Hartmut Schleiff, Peter Konečný (eds.): State, mining and mining academy in the 18th and early 19th centuries . Supplements to the quarterly journal for social and economic history, No. 223 . Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart 2013, ISBN 978-3-515-10364-0 , pp. 95-124 .
- La Escuela, Historia. eimia.uclm.es, accessed March 12, 2017 (Spanish).
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