Mining academy

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A mining academy ( BA ) is a mining science educational institution. Future miners and smelters receive a higher education here. Important modern fields of education are geology , engineering geology , mineralogy , materials science , geoecology , process engineering and mine separation .

In Germany, four universities have recently carried this designation (previously also in Bohemia, southern Poland and Russia), while the analogue training in Austria takes place at the Montanuniversität Leoben, in other countries mostly at technical universities , a school of mining or at natural science faculties a university.

Creation of the mining academies

The mountain schools are not to be confused with a mining academy because they were used to train miners and ostensibly do not impart any scientific knowledge. Before the Bergakademie Freiberg was founded, however, there was a growing qualification of the content in the mountain schools because technical progress forced new teaching content. This development led to the formation of academic mining schools (first in Freiberg, 1765).

The model and much of the teaching content of the Bergakademie Freiberg were transferred to numerous countries when comparable mining universities were founded. Former foreign mountain academics from Freiberg brought the necessary knowledge to their countries. In this context, Abraham Gottlob Werner is of particular importance, as he gave a particularly vivid instruction in numerous mining subjects, which was modern for the times.

From the Scottish geologist Charles Lyell a quote from 1833 is transmitted: “In a few years the Bergakademie (zu Freiberg), previously unknown in Europe, gained the reputation of a great university, and men who had already distinguished themselves in scientific terms studied it German language and came from distant areas to hear the great oracle of geology. "

Mining academies and comparable institutions

Surname place Country founding closure Famous pepole Remarks
Det Kongelige Norske Bergseminarium Kongsberg Norway 1757 1814
Potosí Bolivia 1757 1786
Schemnitz Mining Academy Schemnitz Austrian Empire , Hungary 1763/70 1919 by Sopron moved
Charles University Prague Prague Empire Austria , Bohemia 1763 1772 moved to the Bergakademie Schemnitz
Bergakademie Freiberg Freiberg Germany , Saxony 1765
Bergakademie Berlin Berlin Germany , Prussia 1770 1916
Saint Petersburg State Mining Institute St. Petersburg Russia 1773
Clausthal University of Technology Clausthal Germany , Principality of Braunschweig , Lower Saxony 1775 University since 1968
Polytechnic University of Madrid Madrid Spain 1777
Academia de Minas en Almadén Almadén Spain 1777
École national supérieure des mines de Paris Paris France 1783
Montan University Leoben Leoben Austria 1840
Příbram Mining Academy Příbram Empire Austria , Bohemia 1849 Temporary closure November 1939. Moved to Ostrava in 1945 and reopened on September 8, 1945 as Ostrava University of Technology .
Royal School of Mines London Great Britain 1851 1907 Raised in Imperial College London , no longer a separate mining faculty there
Escuela de Minas de Copiapó Copiapó Chile 1857
Colorado School of Mines Golden USA , Colorado 1873
Camborne School of Mines, University of Exeter Exeter Great Britain 1888
Akita University Akita Japan , Akita Prefecture 1910
Cracow Mining and Metallurgy Academy Krakow Poland 1919
St. Ivan Rilski University of Mining and Geology Sofia Bulgaria 1959
Chinese University of Earth Sciences Beijing / Wuhan China
Chinese University of Mining and Technology Xuzhou China 1909
University of Mines and Technology Tarkwa Ghana 2001


Web links

Commons : Bergakademien und Bergschulen  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Otfried Wagenbreth: History of Geology in Germany . Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart 1999, p. 43 ISBN 3-13-118361-6
  2. ^ History of the Technical University Bergakademie Freiberg. Corps Saxo-Borussia Freiberg , archived from the original on October 2, 2009 ; Retrieved August 13, 2012 .
  3. Peter Konečný: The mining education in the Habsburg Monarchy, 1763-1848 . In: Hartmut Schleiff, Peter Konečný (eds.): State, mining and mining academy in the 18th and early 19th centuries . Supplements to the quarterly journal for social and economic history, No. 223 . Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart 2013, ISBN 978-3-515-10364-0 , pp. 95-124 .
  5. La Escuela, Historia., accessed March 12, 2017 (Spanish).
  6. Archive link ( Memento of the original from June 16, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /