Clausthal-Zellerfeld School of Economics and Technology
|Clausthal-Zellerfeld School of Economics and Technology|
|type of school||Technical school|
|founding||1998 (or 1775)|
The Fachschule für Wirtschaft und Technik (FWT) is a private technical school based in Clausthal-Zellerfeld . The school, which was founded in 1998, sees itself in the tradition of the former Clausthal mountain and hut school . This had split off from the Clausthal Mining Academy in 1906 and ceased operations on July 31, 1998.
The FWT is a non-profit GmbH . The shareholders are REFA Nordwest , the mining and university town of Clausthal-Zellerfeld , the Clausthal-Zellerfeld public works , K + S AG and the Federal Association of Mineral Raw Materials .
The technical school offers three branches for the training of specialists and managers.
- As a state-recognized replacement school, the two-year full-time training as a technician. These courses end with a state final examination and entitle the graduates to use the final designation of state-certified technician . Training areas are:
- In the upper class with an operator course , technicians with professional experience can acquire the professional title of engineer full-time within two semesters .
- In addition, seminars are offered at the Clausthal-Zellerfeld location or in-house on topics such as weather and blasting technology, operational supervisors or metals (e.g. copper, aluminum).
History of the mountain and hut school
Since 1775, courses for miners and smelterers have been held with the Clausthaler Lyceum, which are considered the beginning of systematic, technical training. Even before that, from the beginning of the 18th century, efforts were made in the mountain areas of the German states to introduce a theoretical basis for future mining officials in addition to practical training. This led, among other things, to the establishment of the Freiberg Mining Academy in 1765 in Saxony. During the years of his rectorate at Clausthaler Lyzeum, Henning Calvör already focused on mathematics and natural sciences, but called for the establishment of an independent mountain school for the Harz Mountains. Ephorus Johann Christoph Friderici finally wrote the curriculum for the new school facility in 1775, on the basis of which the first course for mountain and hut officials began in autumn 1775. The first 24 course participants were already working civil servants who had been selected by the Mining Authority. The six weekly lessons in geography, mining history, mechanics / machine technology and mineralogy were provided free of charge on Wednesdays and Saturdays. The then rector of the Rettberg Lyceum and the “typist and arithmetic master” Kast worked as teachers.
In the 1880s the art of marrow cutting was added, later mining and metallurgy. The faculty expanded to include more teachers and mountain officials. Mine marrow knowledge was given by various mine marrow separators.
The day of publication of the plan for the new school facility , May 9, 1775, is therefore considered to be the day the mountain school was founded and the Clausthal mining academy that later emerged from it.
Already at that time there was a close connection between theory and practice, so the teachers went with the students to the various pits in order to demonstrate to them the application of the knowledge acquired in the various disciplines, in particular geology, mining engineering and mining technology, in person.
On November 21, 1810, Hans Graf von Bülow , Minister of Finance of the Kingdom of Westphalia , to which the Upper Harz had belonged since 1807, issued a rescript in which regulations for the training of Bergeleven were regulated. These rules had been worked out by the later mineralogy professor Hausmann, who was then general inspector of the mining, smelting and salt works.
The respective mining captain of the Harz division acted as head of the mountain school . Lessons were given in a lower and an upper class; The entry requirement for the lower class was “proper arithmetic and writing”, while knowledge of French, Latin and mathematics as well as drawing skills were required for the upper class.
At Easter 1811, they moved into the former town judge's house on Markt.
- Kurt Meyer, Wolfgang Schütze (Zsst.): Chronicle of the Clausthal mountain and hut school 1775–2000 . Published for the anniversary celebrations 16. – 18. June 2000. Ed .: Traditionsverein Berg- und Hüttenschule Clausthal. 1st edition. Paper planes , Clausthal 2000, OCLC 247179584 .
- Georg Müller: Clausthal University of Technology . Outline of their historical development. Ed .: Clausthal University of Technology. Clausthal University Library, Clausthal 2007, ISBN 978-3-940394-05-7 , p. 1–11 ( gbv.de [PDF; 3.6 MB ; accessed on January 13, 2017]).
- Georg Müller, Fred Türck: Development of the Clausthal mountain school into a scientific university in the period from 1811 to 1920. Series of publications by the Clausthal University Library, Clausthal-Zellerfeld 2016, p. 100 ( PDF; 37.3 MB ).
- General Harz-Berg-Kalender , volumes 1997–2002. Piepersche, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, p. 78 ( digitized version ).
- Carl Ludolf Hoffmann: Acta historico-ecclesiastica nostri temporis. Or collected news and documents on the church history of our time . Sixteenth part. Weimar 1776, II.6 Changes in office to Halle, p. 1098 ff . ( limited preview in Google book search - Hoffmann names 1772 as the year of publication).
- www.fwt-clz.de - Official website of the Clausthal-Zellerfeld School of Economics and Technology