Bohuslav Havránek

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Bohuslav Havránek (born January 30, 1893 in Prague , † March 2, 1978 ibid) was a Czechoslovak linguist and a leading representative of the Prague linguistic circle .


Havránek studied several philologies at Charles University . From 1917 he taught as a high school teacher in Prague. In 1928 Havránek qualified as a professor with his thesis Genera verbi v slovanských jazycích ("The Genera Verbi in the Slavic languages"). In 1930 he became a professor at Masaryk University in Brno, where he taught until the Czech universities were closed by the German occupation in 1939.

From 1945 Havránek was a professor at the Charles University in Prague , later also head of the chair for Czech language , phonetics and general linguistics and dean of the philosophy faculty . From 1953 to 1961 he was the rector of the Russian Language and Literature School.

Havránek was one of the founders of the Prague linguistic circle in 1926 and soon became its most important Czech representative , alongside Vilém Mathesius . In 1935 he founded the linguistic journal Slovo a slovesnost . In 1952 he became an academician and first director of the Institute for the Czech Language of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences and remained so until 1965. Since 1955 he was a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the GDR and since 1969 a foreign member . In 1962 he was accepted as a corresponding member of the Saxon Academy of Sciences .

Havránek was a leading exponent of European structuralism , but he also worked on the history of language and sociolinguistics. His contribution to the theory of standard languages is particularly important .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Dean Bohuslav Havránek Philosophy Faculty of the UK
  2. Members of the previous academies: Bohuslav Havránek. Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences , accessed April 2, 2015 (with short biography).
  3. ^ Members of the SAW: Bohuslav Havránek. Saxon Academy of Sciences, accessed on October 25, 2016 .