|Coordinates||24 ° 15 '33 " N , 55 ° 47' 2" E|
|Residents||60,174 ( 12/12/2010 )|
|density||1,617.6 Ew. / km²|
Buraimi ( Arabic البريمي, DMG al-Buraimī ) is an oasis city in northern Oman , on the border between the Sultanate of Oman and the United Arab Emirates . The capital of the United Arab Emirates is Al-Ain . In 2010, Buraimi had about 60,000 inhabitants. The city belonged to the Az-Zahirah region until October 2006 , and since then to the newly created Buraimi governorate , of which it is the capital. The Buraimi Governorate is divided into the Wilayat Al Buraimi, Mahdha and Al Sinaina. The city of Buraimi is also the capital of the Wilaya Buraimi . The administrative district has a size of 1223 km² and a population of 63,159 people.
For hundreds of years the area around al-Ain and al-Buraimi has been known as the "Buraimi oasis". This name refers not only to the palm groves, but to the entire region. It was not until 1972, when the border between the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the Sultanate of Oman was established, that the geographical names al-Ain have been used for the part that lies in the United Arab Emirates and al-Buraimi for the area Omani side through.
In the Arab understanding, belonging to the territory is less linked to the land than to control over the people. Therefore the affiliation of this region has to be considered under this aspect.
In the 18th century, the area was populated by the Najdi tribe, who paid tribute to Sheikh Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab . He collected the so-called zakat , the religious poor tax. In 1819 Buraimi came back under the control of the powerful Sultan of Muscat . However, two strong personalities from the north coast, the Sheikh of Abu Dhabi and the Sheikh of Sharjah (today both sheikdoms belong to the United Arab Emirates), had their own claims to rule over the region.
Around 1830, the Najdi tribe took over the administration and collected the zakat. In 1869 it was replaced by an alliance between the Sultan of Muscat and Sheikh Zayed bin Khalifa Al Nahyan of Abu Dhabi . Sheikh Zayed had a dominant position in six of the eight villages. During the border negotiations in 1935, the area was not claimed by the Saudis, and in 1940, Zayid bin Sultan Al Nahyan (now President of the United Arab Emirates) became the leading figure in the oasis as governor.
In 1949 the population totaled about 25,000. In the 1950s there were border disputes between the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman and the newly founded Kingdom of Saudi Arabia over the belonging of the Buraimi oasis. With the help of the British, the Sultan was able to fend off these claims.
Before the economic development of the area began, there were nine small villages, three of them on the Omani side: Buraimi, Hamasa and as-Sara . The other six villages belong to the UAE: al-Ain , Muwaiqik , Mataradh , Jimi , Attara and Hilli . On September 16, 2006, the border was moved about five miles in the Hilli area. Since then, the traditionally open border has been strongly secured and guarded. Tourists can only pass the single checkpoint. Only members of the member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) can pass the old border station near al-Ain.
Opposite Buraimi is al-Ain. The border is no longer of an administrative nature, but has been reinforced by a high fence with NATO wire rolls. The border passages to Buraimi are monitored by the police. If an exit from the UAE area has been stamped in the passport when visiting Oman, a re-entry stamp must be obtained on return. B. via Dubai the border control causes considerable problems.
According to official figures, the population in the Buraimi administrative district grew by 14.8% from 2006 to 2007, with the proportion of residents increasing by 1.0% and the proportion of foreigners increasing by 18.4%. The numbers in detail:
|Quota of foreigners||57.6%||54.0%|
School and university facilities
On site is the private al-Buraimi College , an institution of the tertiary sector at the technical college level , at which various bachelor and diploma degrees can be obtained. The Buraimi University has also existed since November 2010 .
- ↑ See Sultanate of Oman, Ministry of National Economy : Statistical Year Book, Thirty Sixth Issue - October 2008, section 2-2; Update of the census of December 7, 2003 on a mid-year basis.
- Government al-Buraimi (English)
- Source for Buraimi crisis (English)
- Nick Saines (geologist in the state Omani Regional Development Committee for Buraimi): Comprehensive overview of the historical development of the area around Buraimi and in particular the border disputes "Emirates Natural History Group" (ENHG)