|Hrad Budyně nad Ohří|
|Creation time :||Early 13th century|
|Place:||Budyně nad Ohří|
|Geographical location||50 ° 24 '17.5 " N , 14 ° 7' 25.5" E|
|Height:||171 m nm|
The Budyně Castle (German Budin Castle ) is located near Budyně nad Ohří in Northern Bohemia in the Czech Republic .
The originally wooden castle is located in Okres Litoměřice in the swampy terrain to the right of the Eger . In the 13th century, King Ottokar I had the castle expanded with a moat. Until the reign of King John of Luxembourg , the castle belonged to Bohemian rulers. In 1336 Budin von Hasenburg received the property from the king. In the 15th century the fortifications and buildings were restored to their present appearance. The defensive walls had loopholes. The upstream protective walls were protected by round towers in which the artillery was housed. At the same time, the festival was considered a facility for entering the city. The rear gate was secured with a semicircular, bastion-like front gate. The main gate was the entrance to the outer bailey.
In 1585 the castle was rebuilt in the Renaissance style. Later modifications, planned in the Baroque style, were no longer possible. In 1614 the Bohemian treasurer and burgrave Adam II ("the elder") of Sternberg (1575–1623) bought the castle. In 1759 a fire destroyed large parts and in the following century a part was demolished. In 1900 there was a general overhaul. The last owner until 1945 was the family of Count Herberstein . Since 1946, the castle has belonged to the city as part of the state expropriation. Since no alterations or restorations took place under the communist regime, the castle fell into disrepair. Parts of the complex were not restored until the end of the 20th century.
The exhibition of the alchemical workshop of Johann Zbinco von Hasenburg (* around 1560–1616) is worth visiting . At that time he suffered the same fate as many of his colleagues. Also of interest is the Budyň kite (a crocodile) brought back by this alchemist in 1518.
- Tomáš Durdík : Castles of Northern Bohemia. Propagační tvorba, Praha 1992, ISBN 80-85386-50-X .