The Place des Deux Frères in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin and the castle towering over it
|Alternative name (s):||Grimaldi Castle|
|Creation time :||Late 10th century|
|Castle type :||Hilltop castle|
The Roquebrune-Cap-Martin Castle, also called Grimaldi Castle after its former Monegasque owners , was built in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin by Conrad I, Count of Ventimiglia , at the end of the 10th century . It was supposed to prevent the Saracens , who had raged here for almost two centuries, from gaining a foothold again . The hilltop castle is located on the highest point of the municipality, which has retained its medieval character to this day .
After the Counts of Ventimiglia , the property became the property of the Counts of Provence . After that, the castle belonged to the Republic of Genoa and then served the Monegasque Grimaldi for several centuries . They redesigned the facility and placed artillery in the castle for defense. At the beginning, the castle was a fortress-like complex, which also surrounded the former village with a protective wall with six gates. In the 15th century, the donjon took over the name of the castle. The remainder of the fortified complex was gradually filled by today's village with residential buildings.
In 1808 the castle came into private ownership when it was bought by five local residents before the British Sir William Ingram bought it in 1911. He donated the facility to the community in 1921.
The donjon is probably the oldest preserved in France. It is 26 meters high and has walls two to four meters thick. Inside are the reception room, the guard room and the apartments of the count family. From its platform one has a panoramic view over the place, the Mediterranean Sea , Cap Martin and the Principality of Monaco up to the Mont Agel.
- Gabriel Ollivier: The Côte d'Azur . Editions Sun, Paris 1959.
- Uwe Anhäuser: Côte d'Azur . 1st edition. Gräfe and Unzer, Munich 1998, ISBN 3-7742-0568-X .
- Roquebrune-Cap-Martin Castle in the Base Mérimée of the French Ministry of Culture (French), accessed on January 8, 2010.
- Ralf Nestmeyer: South of France . 4th edition. M. Müller, Erlangen 2007, ISBN 978-3-89953-363-7 .
- Roquebrune-Cap-Martin: The castle and its medieval village , accessed in 2019.