Carlo Bohländer

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Jean Karl Bohländer , called Carlo Bohländer (born September 25, 1919 in Frankfurt am Main ; † June 5, 2004 ibid) was a German jazz musician and pedagogue, trumpeter and restaurateur.


Bohländer studied classical trumpet from 1935 to 1938 with Dr. Hoch's Conservatory in Frankfurt and from 1938 to 1939 at the Musikhochschule . In 1938 he hired as a coal trimmer on a passenger ship on the Hamburg-America Line to listen to original American jazz in New York. In 1941 he was one of the co-founders of the (not legalized) Frankfurt Hot Club and played the trumpet in its Hotclub Combo . During the war he lost weight to a minimum in order to be released from military service in the German Wehrmacht and to be able to play again with this combo, which included Emil Mangelsdorff , Hans Otto Jung and Horst Lippmann .

After the end of the Second World War , Bohländer worked in the Hotclub Sextett and various more traditional combos as early as 1945 , to which the Two Beat Stompers, founded by Günter Boas , were added from 1949 . But in 1955 he was on tour with Jutta Hipp and Joki Freund and played in Vera Auer's band in 1956 and subsequently with Wolfgang Sauer .

In 1951 he founded the Domicile du Jazz (later Jazzkeller ) in Frankfurt and in 1955 the jazz club Storyville and then the jazz bar Down by the Riverside . In 1968 he and his wife Anita Honis took over the Russian folklore music bar Balalaika , which was then converted into an international music bar, where Muhammad Ali was a guest. Bohländer taught jazz at the Cologne University of Music (1958–59) and from 1960 to 1966 led the jazz course at the Frankfurt Youth Music School together with Emil Mangelsdorff. He has performed less since the 1960s. He has authored several books and brochures, including a theory of harmony (jazz), an anatomy of swing (1986) and was the first editor of the textbook series Jazz Studio . With Karl Heinz Holler he is also the author of the first German-language jazz encyclopedia, Reclam's Jazzführer , whose various editions he was in charge of until his death.

His grave is in the Südfriedhof in Frankfurt am Main.

In 1991 the city of Frankfurt am Main awarded him the Johanna Kirchner Medal , and in 2003 the plaque of honor from the city of Frankfurt am Main . The documentary Carlo: Keep Swinging was made in 2014 .


  • Carlo Bohländer: The Evolution of Jazz Culture in Frankfurt: A Memoir. In: Michael J. Budds (Ed.): Jazz and the Germans. Essays on the influence of "hot" American Idioms on the 20th-century German Music. Pendragon Press, Hillsdale NY 2002, ISBN 1-576-47072-5 , pp. 167-178 ( Monographs and Bibliographies in American Music 17).
  • Ilona Haberkamp, ​​Elizabeth Ok: Bohländer, Carlo in the Frankfurter Personenlexikon

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Anja Gallenkamp: Jazz in the post-war period. Frankfurt am Main: The Encounters between Americans and Germans , AVM 2009, p. 17
  2. ^ Film about jazz legend Carlo Bohländer premiered (Jazzzeitung)