Sforzesco Castle (Vigevano)
The gender of the Sforza ruled in the Renaissance as the Dukes of Milan on Lombardy . Vigevano , located near Milan, was popular with the dukes and so the existing castle was expanded into an actual ducal seat.
The beginnings of the fortification go back to Lombard times. From 1345 Luchino Visconti , Duke of Milan, had the castle redesigned into a representative mansion. When ownership passed to the Sforza, the buildings were rebuilt under Ludovico il Moro with the help of important Renaissance architects such as Donato Bramante . After the Sforza dynasty died out in 1535 , the property passed to the Habsburgs and the buildings fell into disrepair. In the Treaty of Vigevano , which was concluded between France , Savoy , the Habsburgs and Spain in 1696 , the Castello was declared unusable.
The Austrians then used the facility as a barracks and began renovating the buildings. From the 18th century until 1861, the facility served troops of the Kingdom of Sardinia . After the unification of Italy, the Kingdom of Italy continued to use the facility as a barracks. Italian army units were housed there until 1968.
The Secunda scuderia building , which was built in 1473 by Galeazzo Maria Sforza , is used for temporary exhibitions and as a museum. The exhibition rooms are in the basement, and a shoe museum is set up on the upper floor.