Chama Cha Mapinduzi
Chama Cha Mapinduzi ( Swahili , German Revolutionary Party ) is a Tanzanian party .
After Tanganyika gained independence in 1961, two parties determined political events in the country. The Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) ruled mainland Tanganyika and the Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP) on the autonomous island of Zanzibar . In 1977 the two parties united to form the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM). Julius Nyerere became the first party chairman . At that time, the CCM was the only one legally allowed and thus a unified party of Tanzania. On July 1, 1992, a national assembly allowed the formation of further parties by law.
The party has been a full member of the Socialist International since 2013 .
Tanzania was originally considered a left-wing pioneer of African socialism , better known as Ujamaa . Today, however, the CCM has a more pragmatic attitude. Its main goals are to improve social facilities, infrastructure and safety. This is intended to promote the privatization and modernization of Tanzania:
- Increased productivity that would improve the country's revenue
- Creation of new jobs
- Acquisition of new and improved technology
- Greater expansion of own goods on the national and international market
- Improving and strengthening the private sector
Foreign policy is also based on the predominantly economic and peaceful relations with neighboring countries.
The CCM won all presidential and parliamentary elections in Tanzania and on the autonomous island of Zanzibar. Since the introduction of the multiparty system, a strong opposition has arisen in Zanzibar, the Civic United Front (CUF), which, however, failed to prevail in the multiparty elections of 1995, 2000 and 2005.
In the election of the House of Representatives of Zanzibar on October 30, 2005, the CCM candidate Amani Abeid Karume received 53.18 percent of the votes cast. In addition, the CCM won 30 of the 50 seats in the House of Representatives.
In the national presidential elections on December 14, 2005, the previous Foreign Minister Jakaya Kikwete was elected the new President of Tanzania with 80.28 percent of the vote and the CCM won 206 of the 232 seats in parliament.
In October 2015 there were again regular presidential elections in Tanzania. Since the incumbent President Jakaya Kikwete had already reached the maximum number of ten years in office, a new candidate had to be determined. In the run-up to the election, five candidates were appointed, one of which was to run for the CCM. Among these five candidates was the future President John Magufuli , but not the former Prime Minister Edward Lowassa . Thereupon Lowassa left the party and switched to the opposition party CHADEMA, which had joined forces with other parties to form the opposition alliance UKAWA. For the first time in the history of the country there was a real election campaign and a close election result. The CCM and its candidate Magufuli were able to win the election again. John Pombe Magufuli received 58% of the vote.
All of the CCM party leaders were also presidents of Tanzania. Party founder Julius Nyerere was party chairman from 1954 to 1990 , President Tanganyika from 1962 to 1964 and President of Tanzania from 1964 to 1985. His successor Ali Hassan Mwinyi held the office of party chairman from 1990 to 1996 and was president from 1985 to 1995. Benjamin Mkapa was party chairman from 1996 to 2006 and president of Tanzania from 1995 to 2005. Jakaya Kikwete was President of Tanzania from 2005 to 2015 . In 2006 he finally took over the office of party chairman. John Magufuli has been President since November 2015 .