|surface||1 267 km²|
521 inhabitants / km²
|Changxing Dao and Hengsha in the south|
Chongming Dao ( Chinese 崇明 島 / 崇明 岛 , Pinyin Chóngmíng Dǎo ) is the second largest island in the People's Republic of China with 1,267 km² after Hainan . Chongming Dao is located at the mouth of the Yangtze River in the East China Sea.
Chongming Dao is located for the most part within the government-direct city of Shanghai and is the namesake for the Chongming district , to which it also belongs. Part of the north coast of the island, which formed the separate island of Yonglongsha until it was connected to Chongming Dao , is part of the urban area of Nantong in Jiangsu Province .
Origin and development
Chongming Dao was not created until the beginning of the Tang Dynasty (618–907) through the deposition of alluvial mud. Since then, the shape of the island has changed several times, getting bigger and bigger. In the past 50 years alone, the island's area has grown from around 600 to almost 1200 square kilometers.
Chongming is the most rural part of Shanghai. The island has fertile soils, agriculture, livestock and fishing are well developed. Since the construction of a tunnel that connects the island with the mainland, many people have come to the island to search for gold. At the same time, the island is also an important resettlement area for inner-Chinese migrants who had to leave their homes for the construction of the Three Gorges Dam .
According to the government in Shanghai, the island is to concentrate on the development of tourism in the future. The plan, which covers the development of the island through 2020 and was drawn up by British planners Arup in 2005 , is seen as another important strategic measure after the successful development of Pudong . Chongming Dao is expected to increase its forest area from 16% to 55% in 2020 and become an "environmentally friendly island".
The first eco-city in Asia in the Dongtan area of the large municipality of Chenjia was to be built here. However, the project was discarded.
Various ferries operate to Shanghai. Since October 2009, the island has also been accessible via the Shanghai Changjiang Daqiao by road.
- Fred Pearce : Greenwash: The dream of the first eco-city was built on a fiction The Guardian , April 23, 2009.
- Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel-bridge opens. In: cctv.com . October 31, 2009, accessed September 28, 2018 .