Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro

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Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro in his studio, oil on canvas, 1883
Portrait of Teófilo Braga, oil on canvas, around 1920

Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro (born November 21, 1857 in Lisbon ; died November 6, 1929 there ) was a Portuguese painter of realism who specialized in portraiture .


Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro was the son of the painter Manuel Maria Bordalo Pinheiro and the younger brother of the cartoonist Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro (1846-1905). He received his first drawing lessons from his father, who strongly advised him to continue studying with the painter Ângelo Miguel Lupi and the sculptor Simões de Almeida. With a grant from the Countess de Edla , Pinheiro was able to travel to France in 1881 to study in Paris under the city's most famous artists, Édouard Manet , Edgar Degas and Gustave Courbet .

In the spring of 1887 Pinheiro was one of the founding members of the literary circle in the Leão de Ouro restaurant , called Grupo do Leão , a loose group of journalists , writers , painters and actors .

Bordalo Pinheiro was a professor at the Lisbon Academy of Fine Arts from 1901 to 1922 . From 1914 he was director of the Museu Nacional de Arte Contemporânea, founded in 1911 .

Pinheiro was a member of the government commission that decided on the new national flag of Portugal after the introduction of the republic . It was selected on December 1, 1910 and is still in use today.


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