Dialectical suspension

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The dialectical reversal is a central concept of philosophy GWF Hegel . It describes the process of overcoming a contradiction , whereby the positive, valuable elements are preserved and continued and the negative ones are dropped.

Hegel saw in the German word Aufigung the speculative spirit of the language, which is able to unite opposing meanings in one word. He presented the three moments of dialectical suspension as follows:

  1. the termination, overcoming a stage of development ( negation , more mad), e.g. B. Repeal of a law, decree.
  2. the preservation of their future-oriented pages ( storage , conservare),
  3. the integration of these pages into the higher level of development, whereby they acquire a new function ( elevation ), i. S. v. pick something up from the floor.

Following Hegel's concept of abolition, Friedrich Engels postulated the law of the negation of negation . From a materialistic point of view, according to this law, evolutionary developments in society are similar to those in nature . The disappearance of an old quality (simple negation) is connected with its "rediscovering" (the double negation) in the new quality. For Karl Marx the concept of dialectical abolition is of central importance from the early writings, in which he proclaimed the abolition of philosophy through its implementation and the implementation of philosophy through its abolition, to the later writings. In its structure, capital is inspired by Hegel's logic, if not even by his idea of abolition , because it abolishes and realizes the alienation of the absolute idea with reference to work as the all-founding reality . Abolition no longer means "inner self-movement" of "content", as in Hegel, but emphasizes the aspect of human work as the formation of the world, as it was first formulated by Marx in his theses on Feuerbach .

However, there is no explicit work by Marx on the dialectic of suppression. Louis Althusser , among others, tried to work out the differences between materialistic and Hegelian dialectics . Various essays devoted to this topic start from one of the few places where Marx expresses himself explicitly about his method: "The mystification that dialectic suffers in Hegel's hands in no way prevents him from first exploring its general forms of movement in a more comprehensive and conscious way. With him it is upside down. You have to turn it inside out to discover the rational core in the mystical shell. " Althusser advocates the thesis that the Marxian formulation of standing "from head to foot" led to misunderstandings, since the Marxian dialectic is much more than a simply reversed Hegelian dialectic.

Individual evidence

  1. see e.g. The objective logic (1812/13; 1. A. 1831), in: Walter Jaeschke (ed.): Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. Collected Works Volume 11, Hamburg 1978, 57f
  2. Cf. Friedrich Engels: Dialectic of Nature .
  3. "You cannot cancel philosophy without realizing it. ... Philosophy cannot be realized without the elimination of the proletariat, the proletariat cannot cancel itself out without the realization of philosophy." - On the criticism of Hegel's philosophy of law . Introduction. MEW 1, pp. 384, 391, 1844
  4. Marx's Abolition of Philosophy and the Foundations of a Materialist Science of History. Joseph Fracchia: History and Theory. Vol. 30, No. 2 (May, 1991), pp. 153-179 [1]
  5. cf. For example, the suspension of Hegel's Science of Logic in Marx's Das Kapital , Abbas Alidoust Azarbaijani, 2010 ( memento of the original from September 10, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.peterlang.com
  6. Remarks on the relationship between capital and Hegel's essential logic
  7. General Concept of Logic , Zeno.org
  8. see in particular the essay on contradiction and overdetermination, in: Für Marx (English version)
  9. [2]