Three most beautiful landscapes in Japan

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Three most beautiful landscapes in Japan ( Nihon sankei )

The three most beautiful landscapes of Japan ( Japanese 日本 三 景 , Nihon sankei ) are coastal landscapes with gentle sea-land transitions, which have shaped Japanese painting and poetry .

It is a matter of:

  1. the numerous pine- covered islands of Matsushima ( 松 島 ) in Matsushima Bay near Sendai City in Miyagi Prefecture ,
  2. the pine-covered spit of Amanohashidate ( 天 の 橋 立 ), the so-called sky bridge of Amanohashidate , in the prefecture of Kyoto and
  3. the holy island of Miyajima ( 宮 島 ) with the Shinto shrine of Itsukushima ( 厳 島 ) in Hiroshima Prefecture .

Nihon sankei

The term Nihon sankei comes from the Confucian philosopher and polymath Hayashi Razan ( 林羅 山 ), who lived in the 17th century . The Japanese word sankei ( 三 景 ) is made up of the components san ( ), the symbol for three and kei ( ), the word for landscape, scenery or view.

The new three most beautiful landscapes in Japan

In 1915, in a national election organized by the publishing house Jitsugyō no Nihon-sha ( 実 業 之 日本社 ), three more landscapes were identified and adorned with the title "New three most beautiful landscapes of Japan":

  1. Ōnuma ( 大沼 ), a lake in the east of the Ōshima peninsula ( Hokkaidō ).
  2. Miho no Matsubara ( 三 保 の 松原 ), a pine forest on the Miho Peninsula ( Shizuoka Prefecture )
  3. Yabakei ( 耶馬 渓 ), landscape on the upper and middle reaches of the Yamakuni River ( 山 国 川 , Yamakunigawa) in Nakatsu ( Ōita Prefecture )

Other lists

Following the example of the three most beautiful landscapes of Japan, there are also the three famous gardens of Japan ( 三名 園 Sanmeien ), as well as many other such lists.