Echinopsis mamillosa

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Echinopsis mamillosa
Echinopsis mamillosa 1.jpg

Echinopsis mamillosa

Order : Clove-like (Caryophyllales)
Family : Cactus family (Cactaceae)
Subfamily : Cactoideae
Tribe : Trichocereeae
Genre : Echinopsis
Type : Echinopsis mamillosa
Scientific name
Echinopsis mamillosa

Echinopsis mamillosa is a species of the genus Echinopsis in the cactus family(Cactaceae). The specific epithet mamillosa comes from Latin , means 'with warts' and refers to the shoots.


Echinopsis mamillosa grows individually. The flattened spherical to short cylindrical, glossy dark green shoots reach a diameter of 8 centimeters and a stature height of up to 30 centimeters. There are 13 to 17 sharp-edged, clearly humped ribs , which are deeply separated from each other by furrows. The areoles on them are circular and up to 1.2 centimeters apart. The straight or curved thorns arising from them are yellowish and have a brown tip. The one to four central spines are up to 1 centimeter long. The eight to twelve awl radial spines have a length of 0.5 to 1 centimeter.

The funnel-shaped and slightly bent flowers appear near the apex of the shoot. They are white or - in Echinopsis kermesina - purple. The flowers are 13 to 18 centimeters long and have a diameter of up to 8 centimeters. The fruits are spherical.

Distribution, systematics and endangerment

Echinopsis mamillosa is widespread in the Bolivian departments of Chuquisaca and Tarija at altitudes of 1500 to 3000 meters.

The first description by Max Gürke was published in 1907. A synonym is Echinopsis marnmillosa hort. (no year, nom. invalid ICBN -Article 61.1).


The following subspecies are distinguished:

  • Echinopsis mamillosa subsp. mamillosa
  • Echinopsis mamillosa subsp. silvatica (F.Ritter) PJBraun & Esteves

Echinopsis mamillosa subsp. mamillosa
The subspecies is found in the Bolivian departments of Chuquisaca and Tarija at altitudes of 1500 to 3000 meters. The shoots are rarely higher than 6 centimeters. There are 17 ribs and the thorns are slightly curved.

The following taxa were included as a synonym in the subspecies: Echinopsis Mamillosa var. Bermejoensis noise (without year, nom inval.. ICBN -Article 29.1), Echinopsis marnillosa var. Subulata noise (without year, nom inval.. ICBN -Article 29.1) Echirtopsis orozasana F.Ritter (without year, nom. inval. ICBN -Article 29.1), Echinopsis ritteni Boed. (1932), Echinopsis mamillosa var. Ritteri (Boed.) F. Ritter (1965), Pseudolobivia kermesina Krainz (1942), Echinopsis kermesina (Krainz) Krainz (1961), Echinopsis mamillosa var. Kermesina (Krainz) H. Friedrich (1971 ), Echinopsis herbasii Cárdenas (1956), Echinopsis roseolilacina Cárdenas (1957), Echinopsis mamillosa var. Orozasana F.Ritter (1965), Pseudolobivia orozasana (F.Ritter) Backeb. (1966), Echinopsis mamillosa var. Tamboensis F.Ritter (1965), Echinopsis tamboensis (F.Ritter) hort. (no year, nom. inval. ICBN article 29.1), Echinopsis mamillosa var. flexilis Rausch (1977) and Echinopsis kermesina var. cylindrica Y.Itô (1981, nom. inval. ICBN article 37.1).

Echinopsis mamillosa subsp. silvatica
The first description as Echinopsis silvatica by Friedrich Ritter was published in 1965. Pierre Josef Braun and Eddie Esteves Pereira presented the species as a subspecies to Echinopsis mamillosa in 1995 . Echinopsis mamillosa subsp. silvatica is widespread in the Bolivian department of Tarija in the province of Burnet O'Connor . The shoots are up to 30 centimeters high. There are 13 to 16 ribs and the spines are mostly straight.

In the Red List of Threatened Species of the IUCN , the species is listed as " Least Concern (LC) ". H. listed as not endangered.



Individual evidence

  1. Urs Eggli, Leonard E. Newton: Etymological Dictionary of Succulent Plant Names . Springer, Berlin / Heidelberg 2010, ISBN 978-3-642-05597-3 , p. 146.
  2. M. Gürke: Echinopsis mamillosa Gürke n. Sp. In: Monthly for cactus science . Volume 17, 1907, pp. 135-136 ( online ).
  3. ^ Friedrich Ritter: Succulenta . 1965, p. 24.
  4. ^ Pierre J. Braun, Eddie Esteves Pereira: Voor cactussen uit Brazilie, Bolivia en Paraguay . In: Succulenta . Volume 74, 1995, p. 130.
  5. Echinopsis mamillosa in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013.2. Posted by: Lowry, M., 2010. Retrieved March 1, 2014.

Web links

Commons : Echinopsis mamillosa  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
  • Photos of Echinopsis mamillosa