Edmé Félix Alfred Vulpian

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Alfred Vulpian.
Vulpian statue on Rue de l'Ecole de Médecine in Paris.

Edmé Félix Alfred Vulpian (born January 5, 1826 in Paris ; † May 18, 1887 ibid), mostly simply Alfred Vulpian , was a French physiologist and neurologist and professor of pathological anatomy and experimental pathology . He was a student of the physiologist Marie Jean Pierre Flourens .

Alfred Vulpian studied medicine in Paris, received his doctorate in 1853 and initially a hospital doctor in Paris. In 1867 he was appointed professor of pathological anatomy to the medical faculty of the Sorbonne. In 1872 he made comparative and experimental pathology his subject.

In 1876 he was accepted into the Académie des Sciences . In 1878 he was elected a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Saint Petersburg .

In 1856 he discovered adrenaline when, while staining the adrenal gland with ferric chloride solution, he saw that the adrenal medulla (but not the adrenal cortex) and the venous blood flowing from it took on a green color. Thus, for the first time, an internal secretory substance, adrenaline, which takes on the green color, was chemically detected. This specific adrenal substance was presented in pure form and named as adrenaline by Takamine in 1901 .


  • Essai sur l'origine réelle de plusieurs nerfs crâniens . Dissertation, Paris, 1853.
  • Note on quelques réactions propres à la substance des capsules surrénales. Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Sciences , Paris, 1856, 43: 663-665.
  • Des pneumonies secondaires . Thèse d'agrégation, Paris, 1860.
  • Leçons sur la physiologie générale et comparée du système nerveux, faites en 1864 au Muséum d'histoire naturelle . Paris, Gerner-Baillière, 1866.
  • Leçons sur l'appareil vaso-moteur (physiologie et pathologie) faites à la Faculté de Médecine de Paris en 1873 . Redigées by HC Carville. Paris, Gerner-Baillière, 2 volumes, 1874–1875.
  • Leçons sur la pathologie expérimentale de l'appareil digestif .
  • Leçons sur l'action physiologique des poisons et médicaments, faites à la Faculté de médecine de Paris en 1875 . Journal de l'École de Médecine.
  • Maladies du système nerveux; leçons professées à la Faculté de Médecine . 2 volumes, Paris, Doin, 1879 and 1886.


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Holger Münzel: Max von Frey. Life and work with special consideration of his sensory-physiological research. Würzburg 1992 (= Würzburg medical historical research , 53), ISBN 3-88479-803-0 , p. 205.
  2. ^ List of former members since 1666: Letter V. Académie des sciences, accessed on March 13, 2020 (French).
  3. ^ Foreign members of the Russian Academy of Sciences since 1724. Edmé Félix Alfred Vulpian. Russian Academy of Sciences, accessed August 12, 2015 (in Russian).
  4. ^ Otto Westphal , Theodor Wieland , Heinrich Huebschmann: life regulator. Of hormones, vitamins, ferments and other active ingredients. Societäts-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1941 (= Frankfurter Bücher. Research and Life. Volume 1), here: pp. 9–35 ( History of hormone research ), in particular pp. 17–19 ( The adrenal glands ).