Eduard Thraemer

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Eduard Thraemer (born January 6, 1843 in Dorpat , † March 29, 1916 in Strasbourg ) was a Baltic German classical philologist and archaeologist .


Eduard Gottfried Thraemer, the son of the educator Theodor Thraemer (1809-1859), attended grammar school in Dorpat from 1854 and then studied classical philology, history, archeology and education at the University of Dorpat . In 1872 he passed the exam, in 1876 he obtained his master's degree . From 1876 to 1882 he worked as a senior teacher for ancient languages ​​at the Landesgymnasium zu Fellin. He then went to the University of Tübingen , where he deepened his studies and was awarded a Dr. phil. received his doctorate . In 1888 he completed his habilitation at the University of Strasbourg , where he worked as a private lecturer in classical philology and archeology, and since 1895 as an associate professor. In 1908 he retired.

During his student days in Dorpat, Thraemer was already intensely involved with Greek sculpture, especially with the Pergamene school of sculpture. His main work is the monograph Pergamos (Leipzig 1888), in which he reconstructed the early history of Asia Minor and Greece from mythology. It was reviewed by Konrad Seeliger in the literary Centralblatt für Deutschland (1890), who praised the author's "indestructible gift for combination".

Together with Fritz Baumgarten , Thraemer translated the history of Greek sculpture by Maxime Collignon into German. The translation appeared in two volumes (Strasbourg 1897–1898), of which Thraemer had created the first, Baumgarten the second.

During his time in Strasbourg, Thraemer also studied the city's Roman history. He argued that Strasbourg was the site of the Roman fort Argentoratum . In 1892 he published an essay on the missing library of Ivan the Terrible , which caused quite a stir in Moscow. Thraemer had come across the subject while examining a manuscript of the Homeric Hymns originally from Moscow in Leiden and had even looked in Moscow for old manuscripts about ancient authors who might have got there during the Renaissance (without success).


  • Baltic German Biographical Lexicon 1710–1960 . Cologne 1970. ISBN 3-412-42670-9 . P. 792.

Web links

Wikisource: Eduard Thraemer  - Sources and full texts