Maxime Collignon

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Léon-Maxime Collignon (born November 9, 1849 in Verdun , † October 15, 1917 in Paris ) was a French classical archaeologist . He is considered to be one of the founders of scientific archeology in France.

Maxime Collignon studied after the baccalauréat in Paris from 1868 at the École normal supérieure , where the Graecists Georges Perrot and Jules Girard were his most important teachers. In 1872 he passed the Agrégation (state examination), in 1878 the doctorate followed. From 1873 to 1876 he was a member of the École française d'Athènes , during a time when Albert Dumont reformed the institute. During this time, Collignon wrote the Catalog des vases peints du Musée de la Société archaéologique d'Athènes , which was considered an innovative work and is one of the fundamental works of archeologie figurée (archeology of visual art).

After returning to France, he continued his innovative and reformatory commitment outside of archeology, when he was committed to reforming higher education in France. In 1867 he became a lecturer, not least because of his commitment to the Reformation, and in 1879 professor of Greek and Latin antiquities at the University of Bordeaux . In 1883 he went to the Sorbonne in Paris as a deputy chair of his teacher Georges Perrot . In 1892 he became an adjunct professor there and in 1900 a full professor. Collignon reformed the teaching, which thereby reached the level of comparable seminars at German universities. With a handbook on Greek archeology as well as overview works on Greek archeology and the iconography of ancient mythology, he gave his students important aids. In his investigation of Greek ceramics, he took new methodological paths. Another book was dedicated to the history of Greek sculpture, combining history, archeology and the history of art. Through the students he supported in archeology and art history, Collignon became the founder of an academic school.

In 1894 he was elected a corresponding member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences .


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 60.