Georges Perrot

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Georges Perrot, 1906

Georges Perrot (born November 12, 1832 in Villeneuve-Saint-Georges , † June 30, 1914 in Paris ) was a French classical archaeologist , ancient historian and epigraphist . With his student Maxime Collignon he is one of the founders of scientific archeology in France.

Georges Perrot began studying at the École normal supérieure in 1852 . From 1855 to 1857 he was a member of the École française d'Athènes and worked in Crete and Thasos . After returning to France, Perrot taught from 1858 as a high school teacher in Angoulême , Orléans and Versailles and at the Paris Lycée Louis-le-Grand . In 1861 Napoleon III entrusted Perrot on a mission to research Caesar's Bosporan campaign against Pharnakes II. As part of this project, he completely exposed the Monumentum Ancyranum in Ankara and presented an edition that Theodor Mommsen described as an exemplary work, which also received high recognition in the professional world . He also visited Boğazköy ( Hattuša ), the capital of the Hittites , making him one of the co-discoverers of the Hittite culture. The doctorate to docteur ès lettres took place in 1867, in which he devoted himself to public and private law in the Athens polis .

In 1868 Perrot was appointed professor at the École normal supérieure , in 1874 he became a professor at the École pratique des hautes études . In 1876 he became professor of archeology at the Sorbonne . He pushed through the independence of archeology as an independent academic subject from the classical philologist . In doing so, he orientated himself on German antiquity, which was internationally leading at the time, which was not always easy in France after the war of 1870/71 . Unlike in Germany and England, however, the research did not focus so much on technical aspects, which placed more emphasis on the cultural and political context. From 1883 to 1903 Perrot was director of the École normal supérieure.

Perrot's main work was the ten-volume Histoire de l'art dans l'antiquité, which he wrote between 1882 and 1914 with the architect Charles Chipiez . Together they created a comprehensive ancient art history including the history of architecture. It was a monumental work that had not been comparable up to that point and also included the ancient oriental cultures as the basis of the Greco-Roman world. Perrot was influenced by the work of the religious scholar Friedrich Max Müller , whose works he also partially translated from English into French.

From 1874 Perrot was a member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres , from 1904 he headed it as Secrétaire perpétuel. He was also a corresponding member of the Prussian and Bavarian Academy of Sciences and the British Academy .


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