Elias of Jerusalem

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Elias of Jerusalem († July 4, 518 in Aila ) was an Orthodox bishop and from 494 to 513 Patriarch of Jerusalem . His episcopate was during the Akakian schism .


Elias was an Arab by birth and grew up in an Egyptian monastery. In 457 he was expelled by the Monophysite Patriarch of Alexandria Timotheus and came to Palestine, where he founded a Laura near Jericho . Patriarch Anastasios of Jerusalem ordained him priest . In 494 Elias succeeded the Patriarch Sallustius in the bishopric.

As the rightful patriarch of Constantinople , Elias recognized Euphemios and refused church fellowship with Patriarch Macedonios II , whom he viewed as an intruder, as he had signed Zenons Henoticon . Around 509, the monophysite Philoxenus of Mabbug tried to get Elias to sign an anti-Chalcedonian form, and Emperor Anastasius I , who himself was close to Monophysitism, ordered him to convene a synod to condemn the decisions of the council . Elias responded with a letter to the emperor in which he represented his Catholic, Orthodox faith, but this letter - according to the early church historian Evagrius - was falsified by Elias' opponents on the way and made anathema against the Monophysites.

The Synod of Sidon , convened in 512, was supposed to condemn the resolutions of Chalcedon, but under the influence of the Patriarchs Elias and Flavianus II of Antioch , the Synod refused to accept the emperor's request. The Monophysites then went on to accuse the two bishops of Nestorianism , and the emperor deposed them both, first Flavianus, in whose place the Monophysite Severus was elevated to the bishopric. The monks of Palestine and Elias refused Severus church fellowship, which led to Olympus, the governor in Palestine, giving Elias the choice of either professing monophysitism or being deposed. Elias refused to sign the form and was exiled to Aila on the Red Sea , now Akaba , in 513 , where he died in 518.

His grave is near the Monastery of Mar Elias on the road from Jerusalem to Bethlehem .


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b Euagrios Scholastikos : Historia Ecclesiae , III, 31
predecessor Office successor
Sallustius Patriarch of Jerusalem
John III