Under cruising is usually multi-day trips understands a sailboat from a starting point to a destination port. Such a sailing trip can be more or less demanding in terms of sport, but it is never about competing with other boats. Cruising sailing covers a broad spectrum, from short day trips to circumnavigating the world over several years . His fascination lies above all in the intense experience of the surrounding nature and the challenge of coming to terms with its forces and using them for yourself. The concentration on the process of sailing itself, which is necessary for this, has a strong recovery effect from everyday life for many sailors after a short time.
The difference between regatta and cruising sails is also noticeable in the equipment of cruising yachts and cruisers. In contrast to regatta yachts, whose living comfort is often severely limited due to weight reasons, built-in motors , anchors , stoves, refrigerators and on-board toilets , for example, are common items of equipment on yachts, which are used to safely and comfortably carry out day trips up to days or weeks at sea to guarantee.
Day and week trips
A day trip is often a round trip that starts and ends in the same port. Sailors of small boats (around 7 m) often choose day trips and avoid open waters for longer trips for safety and comfort reasons. However, daily stages cannot always be chosen in such a way that a port can be called every evening, so that one has to anchor or sail through at night. Multi-day trips place higher demands on the boat, skipper , crew and equipment. In the area to be traveled, which changes daily, it is necessary to increasingly navigate using compass and GPS and keep an eye on the weather conditions. More food, drinking water and equipment must be carried (“bunkered”). Sailing at night requires far more knowledge and equipment to navigate , and free anchoring requires experience.
The German and Danish Baltic Sea coast areas and certain parts of the Mediterranean such as the Adriatic and the Balearic Islands are popular European sailing areas for one to two-week holiday trips . In comparison, the North Sea is a much more demanding and challenging sailing area for experienced sailors due to the strong tides and the higher frequency of storms.
Blue water sailing
Long-term trips that lead out to sea (so-called blue water sailing ) require careful planning and a lot of experience both in seamanship and in crew management, since heavy weather and storms must be expected outside a period covered by the weather report . In addition, help cannot be requested in an emergency, which is why accidents or damage to the boat must be dealt with by the crew themselves over a longer period of time. When sailing in coastal waters in particular are commercial shipping , possible shallows, sudden wind farm-related changes and strong (tidal) to take into account flows, which requires precise navigation and constant lookout.
In contrast to regatta sailors, cruising sailors usually organize their trips on an individual basis and are rarely organized in clubs. But there are clubs such as HVS , SKWB and Ocean Cruising Club , which have dedicated themselves to the most demanding blue water sailing for decades, as well as the umbrella organization Trans-Ocean , which was founded with the purpose of offering blue water sailors bases and contacts all over the world and the mutual exchange of information facilitate. German professional associations for cruising sailors are the cruiser department of the German Sailing Association and the Kreuzer Yacht Club Germany .