Finland Tatars

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Finland Tatars are a state-recognized national minority of the Muslim faith of Finland , comprising 800 to 1000 people.

Their language, which is still used today in the fifth and sixth generation, is protected as a non-territorial language in the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.


The first Tatar Muslims came to Finland as Russian soldiers and traders during and immediately after the Russo-Swedish War of 1808/09 , but most of them did not settle permanently. The first Muslim community did not emerge in Helsinki until 1830.

The Tatars immigrated to Finland in 1870 at the latest and lasted until around 1920. The area of ​​origin was 20 villages in the Sergach region , southeast of Nizhny Novgorod . Some of them settled in the then Finnish city of Vyborg (Finnish: Viipuri ) in Karelia . After the annexation of this region by the Soviet Union in 1944, most of them fled to Finland. But even before the October Revolution, there were Tatar fur and textile traders in Helsinki, Turku and Tampere , who had originally been farmers in their ancestral homeland and who for the most part only brought their families into the country after Finland gained independence .


Most Finland Tatars now live in the Helsinki area, are fully integrated into Finnish society and, in addition to their native Tatar language, speak fluent Finnish or Swedish throughout . The Finland Tatars distinguish themselves from Muslim immigrants who have recently come to Finland. Non-Tatar Muslims, but also converts, are not allowed to become members of Tatar communities.


The Finland Tatars are organized in the Finnish Islamic Community ( Finlandiya Islam Cemaati ) founded in 1925 , the first state-recognized Islamic community in Western Europe, the Union of Finnish Turks ( Finlandiya Türkleri Birligi ) founded in 1935 and the Yolduz sports club founded in 1945 . In addition, there was a Turkish elementary school ( Türk Halk Mektebi ) in Helsinki from 1948 to 1969 .

Known relatives

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Tataarit Suomessa (Finnish)