Flat weave

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Flat weave is the name for fabrics that have no pile , i.e. are two-dimensional . They can have a smooth to very structured surface, which is often accentuated by twine or twisted effects or by patterns .

Simple flat fabrics are in the basic weaves ( plain weave , twill weave , satin weave woven) or its derivative. If you want to achieve special patterns, you can add additional thread systems. So you get flat woven fabrics with several warp and / or weft thread systems or double woven fabrics .

Use of the term

In shaft and jacquard weaving , flat woven fabrics are predominantly those woven fabrics that are woven on a flat loom with a horizontal , i.e. flat warp , the weft threads being inserted with a shuttle and from selvage to selvage. In contrast to this, in the production of picture knitwear in a high loom, the warp runs vertically and the weft is only inserted by hand in batches. The flat fabrics are also to be separated from the pile fabrics .

In carpet science , the term flat weave also includes types of carpet that are manufactured using the technique of picture knitting (also known as tapestry ), including kilims .

In ribbon weaving , the term flat fabric denotes the opposite of tubular fabrics . These can be made in the shuttle weaving mill as well as in the needle weaving mill. Rubber bands, for example, are mostly made as flat woven fabrics.