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The first Fordson, the Model F from 1917.
Fordson Model F
Fordson Major E27N
Fordson Super Major
Fordson Super Dexta (1964)

Fordson was the brand of Henry Ford & Son , a company founded by Henry Ford alongside Ford Motor Company that manufactured tractors .


Ford, who grew up in agriculture, had turned automobiles into inexpensive mass-produced goods through assembly line production and had been experimenting with designs for the same in tractors since 1905, but encountered continued resistance from his business partners at the time to invest in this new market. From the summer of 1910, he had six technicians work on the project in a rented barn at his own expense. In February 1913 he bought a commercial property at his Dearborn residence . In February 1916, the Ford Motor Company gave him all rights it could own to tractors for just under 50,000 US dollars. Henry Ford had five or six prototypes produced, which as a special feature had a load-bearing drive train instead of a frame and were tested on the Fords' farms. In August 1916, he and Edsel Ford founded the Henry Ford & Son company in Dearborn , which was preparing for series production with almost 300 employees at the end of the year. Was put on the market, the 2.6 m long and with a dead weight from 1,230 kg (especially for that time) very light Model F with four-cylinder - petrol engine unrivaled with 4.3 liter displacement and 20 hp (15 kW) to 1917 low price of only US $ 750, which was made possible by efficient series production by Ford & Son Inc. (Ford Motor Company USA).

In January 1917 the representative of the Ford Motor Company in buying UK land in the Irish Cork , a tractor manufacturing in support of British agriculture in the First World War to build. Henry Ford & Son Limited was founded in the United Kingdom in April 1917 , but it soon became clear that no manpower was available to manufacture tractors, so the Cork factory did not start manufacturing until July 1919. As a temporary measure, an agreement was reached with the British government in June 1917 to deliver 6,000 tractors from Dearborn by February 1918. At the end of 1917, Henry Ford & Son had only manufactured 254 tractors and had begun to label them with the Fordson logo . In April 1918 delivery to the United Kingdom including 1,000 backorder tractors for Canada was completed. In June 1918 the factory produced over 5,000 tractors, and later it was producing over 10,000 tractors in a month.

Henry Ford signed agreements similar to those with the United Kingdom with many states in the United States . The governments bought large quantities at low unit prices and resold them to farmers. The Soviet Union bought around 25,000 Fordsons and rebuilt them as Fordson-Putilovets .

In July 1919, the Ford family took over the Ford Motor Company completely, incorporated the tractor business, and dissolved Henry Ford & Son in July 1920.

Fordsons were manufactured in the United States by 1928 and over 700,000 copies were sold. Thereafter, around 300 copies continued to be produced in Cork every day. Ultimately, manufacturing was relocated to Dagenham , England , where it continued through World War II . The Ford N series was created at the same time . The Fordson E83W was built in the United Kingdom from 1938 .

Well-known representatives of the Fordson series:

  • 1917 Fordson Model F
  • 1929 Fordson Model N
  • 1945 Fordson Major
  • 1957 Fordson Dexta
  • 1960 Fordson Super Major
  • 1962 Fordson Super Dexta
  • 1963–1964 Fordson Dexta Special


Web links

Commons : Fordson Tractors  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wikibooks: Tractor Lexicon: Fordson  - Learning and teaching materials

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e F. R. Bryan: Beyond the Model T - The Other Ventures of Henry Ford . Wayne State University Press, Detroit 1997, ISBN 0-8143-2682-X , pp. 15–26 ( excerpt online from Google [accessed January 27, 2014]).
  2. ^ Fordson Model F. Ford Oldtimer and Motorsport Club Cologne eV in ADAC (, accessed on April 7, 2019 (archive).
  3. ^ Fordson Model F. At: Wikibooks.
  4. Harold P. Manly: The Ford Motor Car and Truck; Fordson Tractor: Their Construction, Care and Operation. Frederick J. Drake & Co. 1919, Chicago, IL, USA.
  5. ^ Robert N. Pripps, Andrew Morland: Farmall Tractors: History of International McCormick-Deering Farmall Tractors. Farm Tractor Color History Series, MBI, 1993, Osceola, WI, USA, ISBN 978-0-87938-763-1 .
  6. ^ Reynold M. Wik: "V - Henry Ford's Tractors and Agriculture", Henry Ford and Grass-Roots America. University of Michigan Press, 1972, Ann Arbor, MI, USA, ISBN 0-472-06193-3 .
  7. Rod Beemer, Chester Peterson: Ford N Series Tractors. MBI, 1997, Osceola, WI, USA, ISBN 978-0-7603-0289-7 .
  8. ^ Robert N. Pripps, Andrew Morland: Ford Tractors: N-Series, Fordson, Ford and Ferguson, 1914–1954. MBI, 1990, Osceola, WI, USA, ISBN 978-0-87938-471-5 .
  9. Lee Klancher, Randy Leffingwell, Andrew Morland, Robert N. Pripps: Farm Tractors: John Deere, Farmall, Ford & Fordson. Crestline Imprints, 2003, ISBN 0-7603-1776-3 .