Trout Quintet

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Schubert house Steyr Town Square no. 16

The piano quintet opus post. 114 - D 667 in A major by Franz Schubert is known as the trout quintet . It is Schubert's only piano quintet and requires the pianoforte , violin , viola , violoncello and double bass , which is unusual from today's perspective , for which, however, a whole series of works were written from the beginning of the 19th century until shortly before the First World War.

Origin and first edition

Schubert began composing the cheerful piece probably in 1819 during his first stay in Steyr , Austria, and completed it in Vienna . The only handwritten source that remained was a copy in the voices of Schubert's friend Albert Stadler. The title page shows that the quintet was created at the suggestion and request of the Steyr music patron and cellist Silvester Paumgartner and is also dedicated to him.

In the year after Schubert's death, 1829, the Viennese music publisher Josef Czerny, who had bought the manuscript himself from Schubert's estate, published this quintet also in parts as op. Post. 114. The autograph is lost to this day, but it was almost certainly Template for copy and first edition. If one compares Stadler's voices with those of the Vienna first edition, one can see from many details that the autograph must have been notated in the score.

The quintet received its nickname because Schubert based the set of variations on his song Die Forelle (based on the poem by Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart ).


The trout quintet consists of five movements:

  1. Allegro vivace
	\ new PianoStaff << \ new Staff = "r" << \ clef "violin" \ key a \ major \ new Voice {\ voiceOne \ relative {<ae 'cis' a'> 4 \ f \ accent r r2 s1 e '2 (dis e2 <ea>) << {\ grace {b'16 (cis} d2 \ accent) (cis4 b)} \\ gis1 e >> << e2.  {<g sharp b> 2 (<a cis> 4)} >>}} \ new Voice {\ voiceTwo \ relative {<a ~ a '~> 2 ^ (_ (\ tuplet 3/2 {<a a'> 8 <cis cis'> <e e '>} \ tuplet 3/2 {<a a'> <cis cis'> <e e '>} <a a'> 4)) r r2 cis ,, 2 \ pp (b cis1) b2 \ accent (cis4 d) d2 (cis4)}} >> \ new Staff = "l" << \ clef "bass" \ key a \ major \ new Voice {\ relative {a ,, 1 \ f (a \ p) (a \ pp) (a) (a) (a2.)}} >> >>
  2. Andante
  3. Scherzo - Presto
  4. Subject - Andantino - Variazioni I – V - Allegretto
    In contrast to Beethoven's variation technique, the thematic material is not transformed. The topic is rather played around and decorated and modified in terms of expression. The theme is carried by a different instrument in each variation. From the 5th variation onwards, the key is changed in a modulatory manner in order to return to the original key in the last variation.
  5. Finale - Allegro giusto


  • Stephen Hefling : Nineteenth-Century Chamber Music. Routledge, 1998, pp. 61-68.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Wolfgang Sawodny: The piano quintet with double bass , in: Walter Salmen (Hg): Double bass and bass function , 1986, p. 123 - there is also a list of the repertoire