Frank Bramley RA (born May 6, 1857 in Sibsey , Lincolnshire , † August 9, 1915 in Chalford Hill , Gloucestershire ) was a British late Impressionist painter and an important representative of the Newlyn School , an artist colony of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
life and work
Frank Bramley initially studied at the Lincoln School of Art from 1873 to 1878 . He then attended the Koninklijke Academie voor Schone Kunsten in Antwerp from 1879 to 1882 and, like Edwin Harris , Thomas Cooper Gotch and Norman Garstin, took lessons from Charles Verlat . In 1882 he traveled to Venice and stayed there until 1884. After his return to England he moved to Newlyn in the southwestern English county of Cornwall and joined the Newlyn School , a local artists' colony founded in 1882 by Walter Langley . Bramley rarely pursued the open-air painting preferred by the group of painters , but preferred scenes in closed rooms under artificial light. From 1884 to 1912 Bramley was able to regularly show his work at the annual exhibition of the Royal Academy of Arts . But he also participated in the resistance against the conservative understanding of art of the Royal Academy of Arts and founded the New English Art Club in 1885 together with other artists such as Thomas Cooper Gotch, John Singer Sargent and Stanhope Forbes . He had a particularly close friendship with Stanhope Forbes. Bramley was also in close contact with James McNeill Whistler during this period .
Bramley achieved his final breakthrough with the painting A Hopeless Dawn in 1888. In the work, the artist succeeded in combining emotional and narrative elements and, through the combination of natural and artificial light sources, created special lighting conditions that increased the drama of the scene. The painting was bought by the Chantrey Foundation for the Tate Gallery . From the 1890s onwards, Bramley's brushstroke became lighter, thicker, and looser. In addition to selected scenes from rural life, individuals were increasingly used as motifs. In 1891 he married the artist Katherine Graham in Newlyn. In 1894 Bramley was elected an associate member of the Royal Academy. In 1895 Bramley and his wife left Newlyn and moved to Droitwich in the West Midlands . In 1900 she settled in Grasmere in the county of Westmorland down, where the family lived his wife Katherine. In 1911 he was elected a full member of the Royal Academy. Eventually the painter received the gold medal of the Paris Salon . Bramley died at the age of only 58.
- Bramley, Frank . In: Encyclopædia Britannica . 11th edition. tape 30 : Abbe - English history . London 1922, p. 489 (English, full text [ Wikisource ]).
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||English late impressionist painter|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 6, 1857|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Sibsey , Lincolnshire|
|DATE OF DEATH||August 9, 1915|
|Place of death||Chalford Hill , Gloucestershire|