Frida Schottmüller

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Frida Schottmüller (born August 21, 1872 in Berlin ; † June 12, 1936 there ) was a German art historian .


Memorial stone on the old St. Matthew Cemetery , in Berlin-Schöneberg

Schottmüller was the second child of the historian Konrad Schottmüller (1841-1893) and his wife Emma (nee Wittich). Her father was a teacher at the Prussian Hauptkadettenanstalt in Berlin and from 1888 to 1890 first secretary of the newly founded Royal Prussian Historical Station in Rome. Her mother came from a publishing family. Her older brother Kurt Schottmüller (1871-1918) became an archivist.

First, Schottmüller was taught by Fräulein E. Beckmann at the Höhere Töchterschule, from 1893 she attended the drawing school of the Association of Berlin Artists and the Royal Art School in Berlin and after graduating initially worked as a teacher. From 1899 she studied as a guest student at the University of Berlin and attended lectures by Adolph Goldschmidt , Reinhard Kekulé von Stradonitz , Georg Simmel and Heinrich Wölfflin , among others . In 1903 she moved to the University of Zurich where she received her doctorate in 1904 with a thesis on Donatello , as it was not possible for women to obtain a degree at a Prussian university until 1908. Subsequently, at the end of 1905, she worked at the Kaiser Friedrich Museum in Berlin under Wilhelm von Bode . She was employed as a research assistant for the picture gallery and the sculpture collection. Here she was involved in looking after the Renaissance collection and setting up the Period Rooms .

On August 25, 2019 , a memorial stone was unveiled in the old St. Matthew Cemetery in Berlin-Schöneberg , exactly where her grave was.

Publications (selection)

  • The figure of the human being in Donatelle's work. Dissertation Zurich 1904.
  • Donatello. A contribution to the understanding of his artistic act. Bruckmann, Munich 1904 ( ).
  • Register for: Wilhelm von Bode: Monuments of the Renaissance sculpture of Tuscany in a historical arrangement. F. Bruckmann, Munich 1905 ( ).
  • Daniel Chodowiecki . Velhagen & Klasings, Bielefeld 1912.
  • The Italian and Spanish sculptures of the Renaissance and Baroque in marble, clay, wood and stucco (= description of the sculptures of the Christian epochs. Volume. 5). Reimer, Berlin 1913.
  • Bronze statuettes and devices. RC Schmidt & Co., Berlin 1918 ( ).
  • Home culture and furniture of the Italian Renaissance. J. Hoffmann, Stuttgart 1921 ( ).
  • Fra Angelico da Fiesole. The master's painting. Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart and Leipzig 1924 ( ).


  • Hannelore Vorteilmann: A professional life: Frida Schottmüller. In: Communications from the Art History Institute in Florence. 40, 1996, JSTOR 27654422 , pp. 236-244.
  • Volker Krahn: Schottmüller, Frida. In: The Dictionary of Art . Volume 28, Grove, New York 1996, ISBN 1-884446-00-0 , p. 165.
  • Geertje Andresen: Frida Schottmüller . In: Oda Schottmüller: The dancer, sculptor and Nazi opponent Oda Schottmüller (1905–1943) . Lukas Verlag, Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-936872-58-9 , p. 35-38 ( ).

Web links

Commons : Frida Schottmüller  - Collection of images, videos and audio files