Friderun (ship, 1922)

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Friederun NDL.jpg
Ship data
flag German EmpireGerman Empire (trade flag) German Empire
other ship names


Ship type Combined ship
home port Bremen
Owner North German Lloyd
Shipyard J. Frerichs & Co , Einswarden
Build number 317
Launch June 1922
Commissioning September 10, 1922
Whereabouts Sunk in Tanjung Priok on February 3, 1942
Ship dimensions and crew
95.09 m ( Lüa )
90.3 m ( Lpp )
width 13.1 m
measurement 2327 GRT, from 1932: 2464 GRT
crew 39 men
Machine system
machine Krupp - transmission turbine
from 1929 triple expansion engine
1150 PSw, from 1929: 1200 PSi
10 kn (19 km / h)
propeller 1
Transport capacities
Load capacity 3900 dw
Permitted number of passengers 8, from 1932: 20

The Friderun des Norddeutscher Lloyd (NDL) in Bremen was originally built for the West Africa service of Hamburg-Bremer Afrika-Linie AG, a subsidiary of NDL. She was one of a series of five turbine ships built at the Frerichswerft in Einswarden . By incorporating the subsidiary, she was directly employed by the NDL from 1926. In 1932 the ship was overhauled by AG Weser and also received a passenger facility for 20 passengers in order to be used in the South Seas service in the Far East.

In May 1940 the Friderun in Menado was confiscated by the Dutch authorities. After the Japanese attack on the Dutch East Indies , the ship was sunk on February 3 in Tandjong Priok as a block ship.


From 1922 on, Hamburg-Bremer Afrika-Linie AG (HBAL) acquired a series of five smaller freighters ( Arnfried class) after three freighters of 6000 tdw ( Wigbert class). The 3900 tdw freighters were powered by a set of 1150 HPw turbines supplied by Krupp 's Germania shipyard. The five ships were delivered by HBAL's in-house shipyard, J. Frerichs & Co in Einswarden , between February 1922 and April 1923 and completed the shipping company's West Africa service.

The Friderun was delivered as the middle ship of the series on September 10, 1922, the 15th anniversary of the transfer of the HBAL from Hamburg to Bremen. She had a name predecessor at HBAL with Carl Menzell of 1552 GRT , renamed Friderun on September 10, 1907 , which belonged to a series of four ships that the FSG had delivered to the Chinese Coastal Shipping Company in 1903, from which HBAL emerged . The first Friderun had been sold by HBAL in 1912 and was sunk by UC 39 on February 8, 1917 as Hanna Larsen, captured by the British, during World War I.

As a result of the incorporation of the subsidiary, the Friderun was directly in service with the NDL from 1926 and continued to be used in the traditional sailing area with her sister ships. In 1929 she received a new machine system in Amsterdam , a triple expansion steam engine from the Dutch shipyard Verschure . In 1931 the ship was used to the West Indies. By August 1932, the ship was overhauled by AG Weser and also received a passenger facility for 20 passengers in order to be used in the South Sea service of the NDL. After her transfer, the Friderun began her first voyage from Hong Kong to the South Seas in November 1932 . She was the second ship on this route on which the NDL had been using the small Bremerhaven (1617 GRT) since 1929 .

The Friderun was the only ship of the class that remained with NDL, as the latter sold a total of 12 ships with a total of 58,596 GRT to the Soviet Union on November 18, 1932, including her four sister ships. The new service of the ship, together with the Bremerhaven , was a success and the passenger facilities of the ships for Europeans were always fully booked by travelers who made a two-month voyage through the South Seas with the small Lloyd steamers.

The Rio Bravo , then Mercury

Therefore, the NDL in 1934 planned a significant strengthening of its South Sea service he previously by a new direct line Australia-South Pacific Hong Kong-China, on the resting motor vessels Rio Panuco and Rio Bravo wanted to use. This created considerable resistance from Australian competition. It did not succeed in banning the NDL from calling at New Guinea , but it extended the ban on coastal traffic for foreign shipping companies to include the Australian League of Nations mandates . This made it possible for the Friderun and the Bremerhaven only to call at a port in New Guinea. The NDL also sold the two motorized passenger ships to the Australian shipping company Burns, Philp & Co. The fact that the NDL accepted the Australian measures led to disappointment among the shippers and additional losses. The NDL believed it could bypass the call bans by flagging Bremerhaven out from 1936, but moved it to China in 1938. Only the Friderun remained in the South Seas service until the outbreak of war in 1939.

End of the Friderun

In May 1940 the Friderun in Menado on Celebes was confiscated by the Dutch authorities and renamed Moerendong for a planned use . After the Japanese attack on the Dutch East Indies , the ship was sunk on February 3 in Tandjong Priok as a block ship.

Fate of the sister ships

in service
Surname tonnage Construction no. fate
Arnfried (2) 2332 GRT
3900 dw
315 1926 NDL, 1931 Brazilian service, 1932 sale to the Soviet Union: Ladoga , 1959 no longer available
Irmgard (3) 2328 GRT
3900 dw
316 1926 NDL, 1930 Brazilian service, 1932 sale to the Soviet Union: Luga , August 29, 1941 sunk on the way from Riga to Kronstadt after a mine hit.
Ivo (3) 2327 GRT
3900 dw
318 1926 NDL, 1930/31 service in Brazil, 1932 sale to the Soviet Union: Svir , 1959 no longer available.
April 10, 1923
Real estate (3) 2329 GRT
3900 dw
319 1926 NDL, 1931 Brazilian service, 1932 sale to the Soviet Union: Volkhov , 1959 no longer available.


  • Arnold Kludas : The ships of the German Africa Lines 1880 to 1945 . Verlag Gerhard Stalling, 1975, ISBN 3-7979-1867-4 .
  • Arnold Kludas: The ships of the North German Lloyd 1920 to 1970 . Koehlers Verlagsgesellschaft, 1992, ISBN 3-7822-0534-0 .
  • Arnold Kludas: The History of German Passenger Shipping Vol. V An era comes to an end from 1930 to 1990 , writings of the German Maritime Museum, volume 22
  • Reinhardt Schmelzkopf: German merchant shipping 1919–1939 . Verlag Gerhard Stalling, Oldenburg, ISBN 3 7979 1847 X .

Individual evidence

  1. Kludas, Afrikalinien, p. 126 ff.
  2. a b c d Kludas: NDL Seeschiffe 1920–1970 . P. 30.
  3. Kludas: Lines of Africa . P. 119.
  4. a b Kludas: NDL Seeschiffe 1920–1970 . P. 7.
  5. melt head, p. 157
  6. ^ Kludas: passenger shipping . Vol. V, p. 84 ff.