Gary Snyder

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Gary Snyder (2007)

Gary Snyder (born May 8, 1930 in San Francisco ) is an American writer and environmental activist . He is one of the founding fathers of the Beat Generation .


Gary Snyder grew up in the states of Oregon and Washington . He first studied anthropology at Reed College in Portland and graduated in 1951 with a bachelor's degree . After various activities, including as a seaman, he studied Oriental languages ​​from 1953 to 1956 at the University of California, Berkeley .

During this time he made the acquaintance of authors such as Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg . Kerouac portrayed him in his novel Dharma Bums (1958) as "Japhy Ryder". Snyder was represented in the anthology Young American Lyric (1961) edited by Walter Höllerer and Gregory Corso . From 1956 to 1964 he stayed in Japan and studied Buddhism there . Eventually he taught at UC Davis .

In 1975 he received the Pulitzer Prize in Poetry for his book Turtle Island . In 1987 he was admitted to the American Academy of Arts and Letters and in 1993 to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences . In 2003 he was elected Chancellor of the Academy of American Poets.

Snyder lives near San Francisco.


  • Myths & Texts (1960)
  • Six Sections from Mountains and Rivers Without End (1965)
  • The Back Country (1967)
  • Riprap and Cold Mountain Poems (1969)
  • Regarding Wave (1969)
  • Earth House Hold (1969)
  • Turtle Island (1974)
  • The Old Ways (1977)
  • He Who Hunted Birds in His Father's Village: The Dimensions of a Haida Myth (1979)
  • The Real Work (1980)
  • Ax Handles (1983)
  • Passage Through India (1983)
  • Left Out in the Rain (1988)
  • The Practice of the Wild (1990)
  • No Nature: New and Selected Poems (1992)
  • A Place in Space (1995)
  • Mountains and Rivers Without End (1996)
  • The Gary Snyder Reader: Prose, Poetry, and Translations (1999)
  • Danger on Peaks (2005)
  • Back on the Fire: Essays (2007)
Poems in German
Essays in German
  • Lessons of the Wild . Translation by Hanfried Blume. Berlin 2011. ISBN 978-3-882216-57-8
  • Landscapes of Consciousness: Conversations and Speeches . Edited and afterword by Scott McLean. Translation by Christine Kupfer. Munich 1984. ISBN 978-3-923804047

Web links

Commons : Gary Snyder  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files