Gasthaus Lamm (Langenbrettach)
The Gasthaus Lamm in Langenbrettach- Brettach in the district of Heilbronn in northern Baden-Württemberg basically dates back to 1601 and is one of the oldest buildings in the town. An inn has been located in the building on Hauptstrasse 44, which has been rebuilt since around 1705.
Ayermannshof and transfer to the Greiner family
In the late Middle Ages, the stately Ayermannshof , a large agricultural estate, was located on the site of today's inn in Brettach . The farm was owned by Philipp Ayermann in the late 16th century and after his death, through the marriage of his daughter Barbara, it came to Melchior (or Melcher) Greiner, the son of an estate and glassworks owner, who came to Brettach from Fischbach in the Swabian Forest around 1590 . He had the main building of the courtyard torn down and in 1601 a new main building with decorative elements in the Renaissance style was probably built on the old vaulted cellar of the previous building. The coat of arms stone at the Gasthaus Lamm shows the double coat of arms of the Greiner family, which Melchior Greiner's father Hans was awarded on August 2, 1591 by the Count Melissius in Heidelberg: on the left in the shield the winding Fischbach, above it as a helmet ornament the knobbed cup , the symbol of the Glassblowers' guild, on the right in the shield a double-bodied fish woman crowned by a fish head. The portal of the building is flanked by seating niches, two lion heads are incorporated in the fittings of the semicircular portal arch, and it is crowned by Rollwerk with a protruding, bare-breasted female half-figure surmounted by a small obelisk.
After the early death of his first and second wife, Melchior Greiner entered into new marriages and was married for a total of 40 years by his death around 1631, with a total of 15 children. In the dining room of the building two Renaissance column capitals made of sandstone with sculpted heads are preserved, from which it is assumed that the head of Greiner's first wife Barbara († between 1597 and 1600) and the child's head represent a child from this marriage who died early. A picture of the resurrection from 1630, showing Melchior Greiner and six of his family members, has been preserved in the Brettach Egidius Church. The Greiner family continued in Brettach for several generations before only Greiner girls were born from 1751 and the name died out. The last wedding of a Greiner daughter was in 1793.
Inn since around 1705
The property has served as an inn since around 1705. In that year the butcher Hans Peter Sann (en) wald from Eberstadt married the Öhringen widow Anna Rosina Kuch. Sann (en) wald, who is named in the Brettach death register as the first lamb host and in the baptismal register as host several times , probably acquired the property after his wedding. His name is also preserved in the Brettach Egidius Church, as the donor name on one of the gallery panels.
The yard belonging to the Lamm comprised several outbuildings and was once also walled. A building directory of 1858 called on outbuildings a large scrub with three antennas and double cattle and horse stables with equipped beer brewery and a vaulted cellar, laundry and bakery with furnished distillery, pigsties and a garden house with bowling alley behind the barn. When, in the late 19th century, regular mail coach service was established from Neuenstadt am Kocher to Bretzfeld via Brettach, the inn was also a post office.
The owner families of the inn have changed many times. In 1921 Wilhelm and Wilhelmine Häußermann bought the property. Her parents founded a butcher's shop in 1889. The Häußermann family descends from the Greiner family, the builders of today's main building.
During the Second World War, the property's vaulted cellar housed a tire warehouse belonging to NSU Motorenwerke . In the last days of the war, the massive cellar also served as an air raid shelter with 40 beds. In 1948 a cinema was set up in the hall of the building, which existed until 1972.
The Häußermann family is now the third generation to manage the lamb , and is the fourth generation to run a butcher's shop.
- Kurt Simpfendörfer, Herbert Schlegel: The Gasthaus zum Lamm in Brettach - builder, owner and history . In: Rückblicke - Local history supplement to the Official Gazette No. 57, 58, 59, September 1997