Congregational dualism

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As a community dualism in which it is Switzerland a constitutional achievement of the Helvetic Republic (1798-1803) referred. It is a question of the parallel existence of two types of parish , the local parish and the municipal parish .

Most of the Swiss cantons soon abandoned this genuine communal dualism. B. the canton of Zurich with the constitution of 1869 and the cantonal municipal law of 1875 (cf. civil parish ).

In the canton of Thurgau , however, the coexistence of municipal communities (originally only for constitutional tasks such as police, civil status, notarisation and guardianship) and local community (originally for all material community tasks ) was maintained on the same territory, introduced by the Swiss unified state. With the new Thurgau cantonal constitution of 1987 between 1993 and 1999, all local and municipal parishes still existing in the canton were obliged to unite, so that as of 2000 there were still 80 political parishes in the canton .

See also