The Quartermaster General used to be a senior officer entrusted with the orders for the accommodation of the troops. After formation of the Quartermaster General rods he served its respective rod as chief, and after these bars in many armies of General Staff had been expanded, in addition to the Chief of General Staff as an officer with special duties. In most armies there was the Quartermaster General only during a campaign .
With the further development of the staffs in Germany and Russia in the command staffs from the Army , Army Group (Germany) and Fronts (Russia), the deputy of the Chief of Staff for operational tasks was designated as Quartermaster General . Today this function corresponds to G3 / A3 ( General Staff 3 or Admiral Staff 3 or Air Staff 3 ) in NATO .
Prussia and the German Empire
A Quartermaster General was appointed in Prussia from 1881 to 1888 for peacetime to relieve the Chief of the General Staff, Field Marshal Helmuth von Moltke , as a deputy . With the resignation of Moltkes, this position fell away. For this purpose, the posts of three senior quartermasters - four from 1894 - were created, of whom the most senior quartermaster was appointed quartermaster general from 1896 (e.g. Fritz von Below in 1906 ).
A special position in the First World War was that of the First Quartermaster General . It was created in 1916 especially for the General of the Infantry Erich Ludendorff , in order to put him in fact on an equal footing with the Chief of the General Staff , Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg . This was also due to the fact that the actual commander-in-chief , Kaiser Wilhelm II , had no general staff experience. Both officers together formed the third Supreme Army Command from 1916 to 1918 and were responsible for the conduct of the war during this time. After Ludendorff left in 1918, this position was held by Lieutenant General Wilhelm Groener until 1919 .
In the General Staff of the Army of the Wehrmacht , with the mobilization in August 1939, the position of General Quartermaster was re-created from the 6th (Quartermaster) Department , who was directly subordinate to the Chief of the General Staff of the Army . He was responsible for all questions relating to the supply of the field army and for questions of military administration. He also issued the basic instructions for the handling of executive power and for civil administration in the operational area, where the prisoner-of-war camps located there were subordinate to him. For these purposes, he maintained branch offices in the theaters of war and communicated with the chief quartermasters of the armies and army groups . In addition, he exercised jurisdiction over the members of the headquarters of the OKH and the subordinate departments. Quartermaster General of the Army were:
- Lieutenant General Eugen Müller - September 1, 1939 to September 30, 1940
- General of the Artillery Eduard Wagner - October 1, 1940 to July 20, 1944
- Major General Alfred Toppe - July 22, 1944 until the end of the war
A comparable position already existed in the Luftwaffe from 1938 . Departments 2, 4 and 6 of the General Staff of the Air Force, responsible for questions of organization, supply and armaments, were subordinate to this. Quartermaster General of the Air Force were:
- General der Flieger Hans-Georg von Seidel - April 16, 1938 to June 30, 1944
- Lieutenant General Dietrich von Criegern - July 1, 1944 until the end of the war
In France, the Commissaires des armées (outdated: Commissaires des guerres or Commissaires aux guerres ) cover a similar area of responsibility as the German Quartermaster General .
The quartermaster general of the British Army ( English Quartermaster-General to the Forces ) worked under the supervision of the Commander in Chief, the supply of the army with food, food and firing as well as accommodation, dispatch of materials, troop movements, barracks equipment and equipment. In addition, he administered the transport ( train ), the purser , veterinary department and all institutions connected with these departments. He served the Minister of War as an adviser.
- Christian EO Millotat: The Prussian-German General Staff System: Roots - Development - Continuation. vdf Hochschulverlag, Zurich 2000. ISBN 3-7281-2749-3 .
- Rudolf Absolon: The Wehrmacht in the Third Reich. Volume 5: September 1, 1939 to December 18, 1941 (= writings of the Federal Archives , Vol. 16, 5). Boldt-Verlag im Oldenbourg-Verlag, Boppard am Rhein 1988, ISBN 3-7646-1882-5 , p. 57.