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Creation time : around 1000 to 1200
Castle type : Location
Conservation status: Received or received substantial parts
Place: Krems at the Donau
Geographical location 48 ° 24 '43 "  N , 15 ° 36' 7"  E Coordinates: 48 ° 24 '43 "  N , 15 ° 36' 7"  E
Gozzoburg (Lower Austria)

The so-called Gozzoburg is a high medieval town castle in Krems an der Donau in Lower Austria .


Gozzoburg Krems exterior view

The city castle is one of the most important buildings in the early Gothic style in Lower Austria . The building consists of an eastern and a western wing, which are connected to one another by the original structure.


Detail from the fresco hall
Katharinenkapelle of the former Stadtburg Gozzoburg (restoration work as of September 2012)
Old view from the south

A late Romanesque, L-shaped building from the period after 1235 forms the core of the Gozzoburg with a high entrance and three preserved arched windows. After the takeover of this house by the Krems city judge Gozzo von Krems in the late forties of the 13th century, the core building was expanded into a handsome palace complex in three phases. The name was first mentioned in a document in 1258, and in 1267 the newly built Katharinenkapelle was consecrated .

In 1320 the castle became part of the possession of the Habsburgs , and in the 15th century it was often mortgaged. In 1477, during a siege of the city by Matthias Corvinus's troops , the castle was damaged and rebuilt between 1484 and 1487.

In the 19th century the tower of the castle was demolished. From 1958 to 1964 the building was extensively renovated . A general renovation and extensive revitalization of the castle was largely completed in summer 2007; Since September 21, 2007 the city palace of the citizen of Gozzo is now open to the public for the first time as part of guided tours. During the revitalization, what are probably the best preserved and at the same time oldest secular frescoes in Central Europe were discovered. The illustrated legend of Barlaam and Josaphat was very well known throughout Europe in the Middle Ages. Work has been ongoing since 2007 to research and revitalize the chapel rooms in the castle (Katharinenkapelle and small chapel).

The revitalized Gozzoburg was awarded the Europa Nostra Prize in 2009 as a prime example of the preservation of cultural heritage and exemplary restoration .

The State Conservatory for Lower Austria of the Federal Monuments Office is located in Gozzoburg .


  • Franz Eppel: The Wachau . Verlag St. Peter, 1975, ISBN 3-900173-02-8 .
  • Hans Frühwirth: The twin town of Krems-Stein . Editor: Cultural Office of the City of Krems Dr. E. English, ISBN 3-9501219-0-0 .
  • Rupert Schweiger: The magic of architecture: the twin cities of Krems-Stein and Mautern . Verlag NÖ-Pressehaus, 1993 ISBN 3-85326-956-7 .
  • Bundesdenkmalamt (Ed.): Gozzoburg. State of affairs - September 2007 . Horn 2007, ISBN 978-3-901858-06-2 .
  • Ernst English: Gozzo and the "Gozzoburg" - questions for an answer , Krems 2009.
  • Gertrud Blaschitz: Colored interior - genealogical metaphor? Barlaam and Josaphat frescoes in the Krems “Gozzoburg” . In: Ingrid Bennewitz, Andrea Schindler (Ed.): Color in the Middle Ages: Materiality - Mediality - Semantics (=  files of the ... Symposium of the Medievalist Association . No. 13 ). tape 1 . Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 2011, ISBN 978-3-05-004640-2 , pp. 159-174 .
  • Thomas Schwieren: The Gozzoburg. A key Gothic building in Krems an der Donau . Dissertation, Karlsruhe 2020, without ISBN, DNB 1204880581 .

See also

Web links

Commons : Gozzoburg  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Kremser Gozzoburg received the Europa Nostra Award in the Kleine Zeitung on June 8, 2009, accessed on June 9, 2009.