County Sayn-Altenkirchen

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Sayn-Altenkirchen, 1805

The county of Sayn-Altenkirchen was an imperial territory of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation in the area of ​​the Westerwald in what is now Rhineland-Palatinate . The county was created in 1652 by dividing the inheritance from the county of Sayn .


Altenkirchen in the Westerwald belonged to the county of Sayn since the 12th century and developed into one of the urban centers of the county, aided by the Saynian town policy in the 14th century. In 1561 the Wittenberg Reformation was introduced by the Counts of Sayn. Count Heinrich IV had Altenkirchen Castle built in 1586 , which was demolished in 1862. With him, the counts of Sayn-Sayn died out in the male line in 1606 . Then Altenkirchen came to the Counts of Sayn-Wittgenstein . After the death of the last Count of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn in 1636, his two sisters inherited the county and finally divided it into Sayn-Hachenburg and Sayn-Altenkirchen in 1652 .

Johanetta von Sayn-Wittgenstein was married to Duke Johann Georg I of Saxony-Eisenach for the second time since 1661 . The county remained with this sex until 1741. Their heirs were the Margraves of Brandenburg-Ansbach , whose territories were annexed to Prussia in 1791 . As a result of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss in February 1803, the county was awarded to the Principality of Nassau-Usingen , which was elevated to the Duchy of Nassau in 1806 together with Nassau-Weilburg .

With the Congress of Vienna , Sayn-Altenkirchen fell back to Prussia in 1815 and became the Altenkirchen district of the Prussian administrative district of Koblenz . In 1946 the area became part of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate .


  • Matthias Dahlhoff: History of the County of Sayn , Dillenburg 1874.
  • Daniel Schneider: The milling industry in the county of Sayn-Altenkirchen. In: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Kreis Altenkirchen, 59th year, 2016, pp. 219–237.
  • Daniel Schneider: The development of denominations in the county of Sayn in the plan. In: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Kreis Altenkirchen, 58th year, 2015, pp. 74–80.
  • Daniel Schneider: The estates in the county of Sayn as well as in Sayn-Altenkirchen and Sayn-Hachenburg. In: Yearbook for West German State History, 33rd year, 2007, pp. 213–229.
  • Daniel Schneider: The urban policy of the Counts of Sayn in the late Middle Ages. In: Yearbook for West German State History, 41st year, 2015, pp. 33–49.
  • M. Spindler, A. Kraus: History of Franconia up to the end of the 18th century , Munich 1997. ISBN 3-406-39451-5 .
  • Gerhard Taddey (ed.): Lexicon of German history . Events, institutions, people. From the beginning to the surrender in 1945. 3rd, revised edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 1998, ISBN 3-520-81303-3 .
  • District administration Altenkirchen (Ed.): Land to Sieg and Wied. Local history of the Altenkirchen district , Wissen 1987.
  • Daniel Schneider: The history of the local community Obererbach (Westerwald). The localities Hacksen, Niedererbach, Obererbach and Koberstein from the Middle Ages to the present , 2 volumes, Obererbach 2009, ISBN 978-3-00-027494-7 (with a summary of the development of the County of Sayn-Altenkirchen).

Individual evidence

  1. Cf. Daniel Schneider: The urban policy of the Counts of Sayn in the late Middle Ages, pp. 33–49.
  2. On denominational development cf. Daniel Schneider: The development of denominations in the county of Sayn in the plan, pp. 74-80.
  3. Eckard Hanke: The district of Altenkirchen is created (1816) . In: Pedagogical Center of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate / PZ of the district of Altenkirchen (ed.): The district of Altenkirchen. Teaching materials on the history of the district (=  PZ information history ). No. 5/91 , 1991, ISSN  0170-7272 , pp. 2 .