Gyula Grosz

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Gyula Grosz (born October 31, 1878 in Magdeburg ; † June 30, 1959 there ) was a German doctor and the father-in-law of Martin Grotjahn .


Grosz's father was a merchant of the Jewish faith and a committed member of the General German Workers' Association and the SPD . Gyula Grosz attended the Kasimir-Gymnasium in Coburg and the Domgymnasium Magdeburg . After studying in Berlin , Dresden , Halle (Saale) and Munich , he became a doctor in 1906. In 1907 Grosz received his doctorate in Halle and practiced as a doctor in Magdeburg. He trained to become a specialist in radiology and radiation medicine . In 1931 he received approval for X-ray therapy .

In 1918 Grosz joined the DDP . He later joined the SPD. He supported the work of the Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund .

After the National Socialists came to power in 1933, his license to practice medicine and his academic degree were revoked in 1938 due to his Jewish origin . Grosz was then head of the X-ray department at Rothschild’s Hospital in Frankfurt am Main until 1941 . After the hospital was closed, he returned to Magdeburg. He worked here as a Jewish “ medical doctor ” in “ mixed marriage ” and helped those persecuted by the National Socialist regime.

After the end of the National Socialist tyranny, he renewed his membership in the SPD and was thus a member of the SED after the forced unification of the SPD and KPD . He initially worked at the radiation institute of the AOK Magdeburg. In 1949 he became a professor at the University of Halle, but he did not give lectures.

In 1950 he became " Honored Doctor of the People ".

The city of Magdeburg named a street in his honor in the new Neustädter See district ( Dr.-Grosz-Straße ).


  • Radiology as a specialty. In: Wiener medical Wochenschrift 100, 1959, 261.


  • Horst-Peter Wolff: Grosz, Gyula. In: Guido Heinrich, Gunter Schandera (ed.): Magdeburg Biographical Lexicon 19th and 20th centuries. Biographical lexicon for the state capital Magdeburg and the districts of Bördekreis, Jerichower Land, Ohrekreis and Schönebeck. Scriptum, Magdeburg 2002, ISBN 3-933046-49-1 .