Honored Doctor of the People
The honorary title of Honored Doctor of the People was the highest state award of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) for medical professionals. It was donated in the form of a medal and certificate in one stage on March 31, 1949. The background to the creation of this honorary title lay in the increasing tendency of doctors to move to the western zones . In order to keep this professional group in the GDR for a longer period of time, the DWK suggested these honorary titles in addition to various privileges.
The award was made for significant and outstanding achievements in scientific research, in practical medical work, in the organization of health protection, in teaching at universities and medical schools and also in the advanced training of the medical cadre of the GDR. The award could also be made to people who had made outstanding contributions to the hygiene education of the population. Furthermore, the honorary title could be awarded for exemplary commitment in the service of the life and health of the citizens of the GDR and the deepening of trusting relationships with patients. In addition to general practitioners, surgeons and the like, dentists could also be honored with the title. It was still possible to award it to people who could demonstrate meritorious work in the field of health and social services by promoting international cooperation, especially here with the Soviet Union.
The honorary title itself could only be awarded once to one and the same person. The maximum number of awards was also limited to 30 honorary degrees per year. The honorary title included a medal, a certificate of honor and a monetary bonus of up to 8,000 marks . The awards took place every year on December 11th, Robert Koch's birthday and Health Care Day in the GDR. The awards usually took place in a ceremony by the Minister of Health.
Appearance and wearing style
The initially bronze medal with a fluted edge and a diameter of 30.5 mm shows the right-looking head portrait of Robert Koch with glasses on on its obverse . The reverse , on the other hand, showed the two-line inscription under three bay leaves : MERIT DOCTOR / DES PEOPLE . Among them was the year of the award. The medal was worn until 1977 on the right, from 1978 on the upper left side of the chest, initially on a black, red and gold ribbon. From 1955 then on a 28.5 × 15.5 mm rectangular fabric-covered medal clasp , which consisted of black, red and gold in equal parts from left to right. A horizontal 3.5 mm wide silver central bar was also woven into this band.
In 1958 the medal was made of silver and showed a cook without glasses on the obverse of the head portrait. From 1973 it was then only silver-plated . The lapel showed three upright laurel leaves tied together in the middle, which were surrounded by the inscription DESERVED ARZT (above) DES PEOPLE (below). In 1978 the bay leaves were replaced by the GDR's state coat of arms, shown in the middle . The legend, however, remained the same.
From 1958 to 1978 the medal was worn on a 25 × 14 mm black, red and gold cloth-covered clasp. The interim clasp also showed a 10 mm diameter miniature of the obverse of the medal. After 1978 the ribbon of the medal was changed again. The medal was worn on a blue ribbon with a white border, the interim clasp continued to show the miniature of the obverse of the medal.
The changes to the medals resulted in the 1978 medals being specially designed. On the one hand there were the first to show the GDR national coat of arms instead of the laurel, on the other hand the last to be worn on a black, red and gold cloth-covered clasp.
Award winner (incomplete)
- 1949: Jussuf Ibrahim , Theodor Brugsch , Heinrich Klose , Willibald Pschyrembel
- 1950: Rudolf Elle , Fritz Gietzelt , Gyula Grosz , Helmut Kraatz , Johannes Kupke , Maxim Zetkin , Ekkehard Schütze , Paul Sieberth, Karl Velhagen , Hans Zorn
- 1951: Rudolf Baumann , Gerhardt Katsch , Egbert Schwarz , Karl Linser , Johannes Kathe , Bernhard Zorn, Wolfgang Rosenthal
- 1952: Hermann Henneberg , Heinz Funke
- 1954: Alfred Beyer , Hans Rudolf Gestewitz , Walter Friedeberger
- 1955: Hans Gummel
- 1956: Hugo Gasteiger , August Sundermann , Herbert Uebermuth
- 1957: Werner Pfeifer
- 1958: Josef Münch , Gerhard Mohnike
- 1959: Kurt August Koelsch , Theodor Matthes , Anton Johannes Waldeyer
- 1960: Josef-Peter Emmrich , Siegfried Israel
- 1961: Peter Friedrich Matzen , Karl-Heinz Mehlan
- 1962: Friedrich Jung
- 1963: Georg Ernst
- 1964: Erwin Marcusson , Rudolf Neubert , Georg Wildführ , Rudolf Zuckermann , Albert Dietze
- 1965: Jenny Cohen , Harald Dutz , Hermann Schmitz
- 1966: Werner Scheler
- 1968: Georg Wolfgang Höfs , Günter Bast
- 1969: Moritz Mebel , Helmut Patzer , Ingeborg Rapoport
- 1970: Wilfried Möbius
- 1971: Karl Seidel
- 1972: Waltraud Braun
- 1974: Hubertus Brieger
- 1975: Christoph Brückner , Klaus Niedner , Rudolf Sachsenweger
- 1978: Walter Künzel , Kurt Tittel , Helga Matheoschat
- 1981: Joachim Weiskopf
- 1983: Burkhard Schneeweiß
- Federal Ministry for Inner-German Relations (Ed.): GDR manual , awards, Verlag Wissenschaft und Politik, 1985, pp. 26 and 29, ISBN 3804686427 .
- Andreas Herbst, Winfried Ranke, Jürgen R. Winkler: This is how the GDR worked , Lexicon of Organizations and Institutions; Health Care, Rowohlt Paperback, 1994, ISBN 3499163489 .
- Günter Tautz: Orders and medals , state awards of the GDR, pocket dictionary, 2nd edition, VEB Bibliographisches Institut , Leipzig 1983, p. 139.
- Frank Bartel, Jürgen Karpinski: Awards of the German Democratic Republic , Military Publishing House of the GDR , Berlin 1979, p. 118.
- The German health system. 1950; 5: 227.
- Berliner Zeitung , January 29, 1950, p. 3
- The German health system. 1950: 5: 1375
- New Germany , October 6, 1950, p. 5
- German stomatology. 1951; 2:25
- Neues Deutschland, December 12, 1951, p. 3
- Karl-Heinz Schubert: Brown Book GDR.
- Werner Pfeifer estate
- German stomatology. 1959; 9:78.
- biography. Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg , accessed on September 29, 2012 .
- German stomatology. 1966; 16: 72
- New Germany, 9./10. December 1978, p. 5.
- Selfless service in the care of patients appreciated , Neue Zeit , December 12, 1983, p. 1