Josef-Peter Emmrich

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Josef-Peter Emmrich (born January 5, 1909 in Neunkirchen , † November 28, 1963 in Magdeburg ) was a German gynecologist and obstetrician .


Emmrich was born in Saarland in 1909 as the son of the Catholic master builder Wilhelm Emmrich . He went to school in Neunkirchen and graduated from high school in 1928. He then studied medicine at the Universities of Freiburg , Kiel , Vienna , the Medical Academy in Düsseldorf and the University of Hamburg , where he passed his state examination in 1933 and received his license to practice medicine in 1934 . He then served as a volunteer doctor at the Pharmacology Institute, and from 1935 to 1939 as an assistant physician at the University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf under Theodor Heyne man worked (1878-1951). In 1939 Emmrich moved to Halle (Saale) , where he completed his habilitation and was employed from September 1 at the University Women's Clinic as a senior physician under Ludwig Nürnberger (1884-1959).

During the Second World War , Emmrich was drafted as a conscript. From 1939 to 1943 he worked as a medical officer in a medical department. Here he worked as a surgeon at advanced dressing stations in France and on the Eastern Front . He was awarded the Iron Cross 1st and 2nd class and the Eastern Medal. Emmrich was a member of the Marine-SA (since January 1934), Sanitätssturmführer of the Marine Standarte I, a member of the NSDAP (since May 1, 1937) and from 1936 a licensed doctor of the Main Office for Public Health .

In 1942 Emmrich returned to the Halle clinic after a serious illness and was appointed lecturer in 1943 . In 1945, like his boss, he was initially fired, but continued to work with a reduction in his salary. In April 1946, Nürnberger was granted the license to teach again on the orders of the Soviet military administration in Germany , but in 1947 he switched to the Cologne University Women's Clinic , which he headed until 1956. After Nürnberg's departure, Emmrich was appointed provisional management of the clinic and was appointed university professor. During his time in Halle, Emmrich worked scientifically on blood diseases during pregnancy and was one of the first to carry out series examinations on women in various occupational and industrial branches in order to examine the influence of physical work on the state of health of women.

On May 1, 1950, Emmrich succeeded Max Penkert as head of the Magdeburg State Women's Clinic and took over the clinic, which was half destroyed in the Second World War. In addition, he continued to teach at the University of Halle. Emmrich developed the concept for the reconstruction and expansion of the Magdeburg clinic and implemented it into one of the most modern German women's clinics. When the Medical Academy Magdeburg was founded in 1954, Josef-Peter Emmrich was appointed professor with a chair in gynecology and obstetrics. He became a member of the German Academy of Sciences and several German specialist societies. In 1955 he was elected a member of the International College of Surgeons. Emmrich founded the German Society for the Study of Fertility and Sterility in Munich in 1958 with Richard Fikentscher ( Munich ), Kurt Semm ( Munich ), Paul Jordan ( Münster ) and Harry Tillmann ( Gießen ) , which was renamed the German Society for Reproductive Medicine in 1998 . The Medical Society of Magdeburg appointed him in 1962 to succeed Werner Lembcke as its chairman. Scientifically, Emmrich in Magdeburg dealt primarily with cancer therapy and maternal mortality. His achievements were honored with the title of Honored Physician of the People . Josef-Peter Emmrich died on November 28, 1963 at the age of only 54. In December 1964, Egon Bernoth (1920–1991) was appointed his successor .

His son, Jürgen Emmrich, also studied medicine at the Magdeburg Medical Academy and, like his father, became a gynecologist. In 1971 he was sentenced to 3 years and 6 months in prison , his brother-in-law to 3 years, his sister and mother to 2½ years each, in the GDR for “establishing links against the state and illegally crossing the border ” . In 1972 the family was ransomed by the Federal Republic of Germany .

Fonts (selection)

  • The simple and six-moment sedimentation of blood cells in the macro and micro process during pregnancy and in the puerperium. Dissertation , University of Hamburg 1933
  • About the penetration of germs into the uterus during childbirth with the amniotic sac and the penetration of germs into the bloodstream during normal delivery and obstetric interventions. Habilitation thesis , Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg 1941
  • Aplastic anemia and pregnancy. Zentralbl Gynäkol 12a, 1947
  • Carcinoma healing with preserved uterine function. Zentralbl Gynäkol 7, 1948
  • The influence of industrial work on women's health. Zentralbl Gynecol 24a, 1950
  • The maternal mortality. Zentralbl Gynäkol 45, 1957


  • Gerhard Lindemann : The state women's clinic. In: Festschrift 10 Years of the Medical Academy Magdeburg , 1964
  • Gerhard Lindemann: Prof. Dr. Josef-Peter Emmrich 1909–1963. Dtsch Gesundheitsw 19, 1964, 599f
  • Helmut Kraatz : Honor for Josef-Peter Emmrich. Zentralbl Gynäkol 86 (1964), 330-4
  • W Schultz: Josef-Peter Emmrich. Dt Med Woschr 89 (1946), 993-4.
  • Wolfgang Weise: Emmrich, Josef Peter. In: Guido Heinrich, Gunter Schandera (ed.): Magdeburg Biographical Lexicon 19th and 20th centuries. Biographical lexicon for the state capital Magdeburg and the districts of Bördekreis, Jerichower Land, Ohrekreis and Schönebeck. Scriptum, Magdeburg 2002, ISBN 3-933046-49-1 ( article online ).

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ History of the German Society for Reproductive Medicine ( Memento from June 20, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
  2. Jürgen Emmrich: In memory of the 100th birthday of Prof. Dr. med. habil. Josef-Peter Emmrich. Ärzteblatt Sachsen-Anhalt 20 (2009), 60.
  3. Wolfgang Schulz: You shouldn't feel sorry for the IM. Volksstimme from June 23, 2010. ( Online ( Memento from July 3, 2010 on WebCite ))