State Women's Clinic Magdeburg
The Landesfrauenklinik Magdeburg (short: LFK Magdeburg ) is a hospital in Magdeburg's Gerhart-Hauptmann-Strasse in the Stadtfeld Ost district , which was integrated into the university as one of two gynecological clinics when the Magdeburg Medical Academy was founded. Today the building houses the University Women's Clinic and the Clinic for Reproductive Medicine and Gynecological Endocrinology of the Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg .
Origins of the clinic
The origins go back to an order issued by Friedrich II of Prussia in 1772 to establish provincial midwifery schools. Wilhelm Voigtel (1767–1844) was appointed midwifery teacher at the Magdeburg Provincial School in 1795. In 1798 he added the first obstetric clinic, the Gebärhaus , to her. In 1823 Friedrich Leberecht Trüstedt (1791–1855) replaced him as director of the midwifery school. After just two years, Carl Eduard Voigtel (1801–1868), a nephew of Trüstedt's predecessor, took over the facility, which he headed from 1826 to 1864. From 1827 to 1849 he also represented the theory of obstetrics at the Medical and Surgical College, which August Varges (1793–1863) taught in practice from 1827 to 1849. Varges had been a teacher for practical training at the Magdeburg Midwifery School since 1823. In 1876 the midwifery school in the Kreuzgangstrasse became part of the administration of the province of Saxony and thus became a provincial midwifery school . Johannes Benjamin Brennecke (1849–1931) temporarily worked at the Provincial Midwifery School, which in 1876 was the first specialist in gynecology to settle in Magdeburg. Brennecke advocated an expansion of the network of obstetric clinics in addition to the almost exclusively existing training clinics at the time, as these were largely avoided by poor married women. In 1880, he opened a private clinic in the Sudenburg district of Magdeburg under the auspices of a women's association called asylum for women in maternity leave . The facility replaced a previously missing municipal women's clinic until 1919.
Establishment of the clinic
Under the direction of F. Dahlmann, who headed the facility from 1892 to 1907, a new building was planned in what was then Kaiser-Friedrich-Strasse, today's Gerhart-Hauptmann-Strasse. In 1897 the foundation stone was laid for the new building. This was completed in 1899 after two years of construction and opened as a maternity home and state midwifery school. In 1914, the Provincial Midwifery School was renamed the Landesfrauenklinik, but it also retained its function as a midwifery school. On June 1, 1907, the Provincial Committee of the Province of Saxony entrusted Alkmar von Alvensleben with the medical management of the institution by Governor Kurt Freiherr von Wilmowsky .
Development until 1945
Von Alvensleben headed the clinic until 1945. Under his direction, the facility developed from an initially obstetric to a gynecological-obstetric with an increasingly surgical profile. In 1928 Gustav Kleff came to the Landesfrauenklinik, where he worked as a senior physician from 1929 . On April 1, 1947, he set up a gynecological and obstetric department at the Pfeiffer Foundations . On May 1, 1936, the women's milk collection point was set up again at the Landesfrauenklinik, which was founded in 1919 by Marie Elise Kayser (1895–1950), the first in Germany, at the children's department of the Magdeburg Old Town Hospital, but closed in 1923 due to the economic situation.
During the time of National Socialism, as the German Community Conference announced in 1938, an increasing separation of Jewish citizens also took place in hospitals. In Magdeburg, too, Jewish patients were turned away at the state women's clinic, as a Jewish gynecologist was practicing in the city, as the senior president in Merseburg announced .
Development after 1945
The clinic was almost completely destroyed in the air raid on Magdeburg on January 16, 1945 . The supply tasks were continued under the most difficult conditions in the period that followed. In 1946, at the age of 69 , Max Penkert (1877–1955) took over the management of the midwifery training institute and the state women's clinic in Magdeburg. From 1913 to 1945 he was in the gynecological and obstetric department of the Kahlenbergstift in Magdeburg and from 1945 to 1946 he was the provisional head of the Magdeburg-Sudenburg municipal gynecological clinic . Penkert played a key role in planning the reconstruction of the state women's clinic and remained its director until 1950.
Midwifery training took place from 1951 as part of the newly founded medical college with practical training at the state women's clinic. On September 1, 1961, the medical school of the Magdeburg Medical Academy emerged from the medical school, which was converted back into a medical school on September 1, 1974 and, with German reunification, to the vocational school of the medical faculty of the Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg .
In 1950, succeeding Max Penkert, Josef-Peter Emmrich (1909–1963) was appointed head of the state women's clinic in Magdeburg. Together with the architect Joachim Franz Erich Degenkolbe, he developed the concept for the reconstruction and expansion of the clinic and implemented it during the first five-year plan for one of the most modern German women's clinics. The new hospital building was inaugurated on February 28, 1956.
When the Medical Academy Magdeburg was founded on September 7, 1954, the State Women's Clinic was incorporated into the university. Emmrich was appointed professor with the chair for gynecology and obstetrics.
On average, 170 children were born in the clinic each month. Infant mortality has been reduced significantly since the end of World War II. A newly developed plant for the production of dried women's milk was put into operation at the clinic. This it was breast milk collecting the clinic possible to create stocks of breast milk and to use in times of greater need to preserve the lives of newborns. The dried women's milk could also be used to care for infants in remote rural communities who were dependent on artificial nutrition.
Emmrich founded the German Society for the Study of Fertility and Sterility in Munich in 1958 with Richard Fikentscher ( Munich ), Kurt Semm ( Munich ), Paul Jordan ( Münster ) and Harry Tillmann ( Gießen ) , which was renamed the German Society for Reproductive Medicine in 1998 .
In December 1964, Egon Bernoth (1920–1991) was appointed to succeed Josef Emmrich, who died on November 28, 1963 at the age of 54, as director of the Magdeburg State Women's Clinic and a member of the teaching staff of the Magdeburg Medical Academy, from September 1969 to professor with chair . Under his leadership, the clinic developed into a center for sterility treatment.
After Egon Bernoth's retirement, the management of the state women's clinic was transferred to Bernd Seifert , who introduced in-vitro fertilization in Magdeburg and thus expanded its profile as a center for sterility treatment. When Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg was founded on October 3, 1993, the State Women's Clinic was appointed to Clinical Division I of the University Women's Clinic and Seifert was appointed head of the clinical division and director of the entire University Women's Clinic. After the political change in the GDR, there were temporary efforts to outsource the state women's clinic from the university. Seifert, initially a staunch opponent of these plans, later began to prepare the clinic for its independence. However, since the university had already abandoned the plans, he was unable to implement his ideas. Seifert had to leave the clinic and founded the Regensburg IVF Center in 1993 .
The management of the university women's clinic was transferred to Wolfgang Weise (1938-2006), who had started his career at the state women's clinic in 1964 as an assistant doctor and until his appointment as professor in 1985 and the change as head of Clinic Division II on Leipziger Strasse at the state women's clinic Senior physician was active. During the fourteen years of his directorate, the building was first refurbished in 1994 in preparation for the spatial, personnel and professional merging of both clinic areas at one location, the former state women's clinic. This was associated with a reduction in beds from 370 to 115 and a reduction in staff.
In 1994 Jürgen Kleinstein was appointed professor and head of the newly founded department for reproductive medicine and gynecological endocrinology at the university women's clinic, which once again strengthened the importance of sterility treatment. The department was later converted into the Clinic for Reproductive Medicine and Gynecological Endocrinology , making it one of the first facilities of its kind in Germany.
From 2000 to 2004 the building was extensively renovated and expanded. After Wolfgang Weise retired in 2004, Serban-Dan Costa was appointed as his successor and was entrusted with the management of the university women's clinic.
In 2015, 1,322 children were born at the clinic. This makes the clinic one of the facilities with the highest birth rates in Saxony-Anhalt .
The newly established Department of Experimental Gynecology and Obstetrics is headed by Ana Claudia Zenclussen . A breast center is operated in cooperation with clinics in the area. In continuation of the tradition in midwifery training, a conference for midwives is held annually. Other conferences include the annual conference of the Central German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics , which is organized on a regular basis by the University Women's Clinic in Magdeburg, and the Magdeburg Working Conference on Reproductive Medicine, Interdisciplinary Andrology and Endocrinology (MARIE) of the Clinic for Reproductive Medicine and Gynecological Endocrinology.
After Jürgen Kleinstein's retirement , the Clinic for Reproductive Medicine and Gynecological Endocrinology was converted into a department of the University Women's Clinic on January 1, 2018.
Well-known midwifery students
- Gertrud Meyer: The history of obstetrics in the city of Magdeburg. Dissertation , Medical Academy Magdeburg , 1957.
- Clinic of the Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg: 100 years of the women's clinic. Uni-Protocol dated December 15, 1999 (last accessed on May 21, 2009).
- Horst-Peter Wolff: Actors of the health system in the history of Magdeburg. Study of the history of medicine from the 10th to the middle of the 20th century. Fürstenberg / Havel 2008, proof in the DNB catalog .
- Kornelia Suske: 100th anniversary - from midwifery training center to university women's clinic. Uni-Report, January 2000 ( uni-magdeburg.de ).
- F. Dahlmann: Report on the obstetrics department of the Provincial Midwifery School Magdeburg. Medical Society of Magdeburg: Munich Medical Weekly. November 16, 1906.
- Friedrich Wilhelm Traugott Voigtel. In: Magdeburg Biographical Lexicon . Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg.
- Friedrich Leberecht Trüstedt. In: Magdeburg Biographical Lexicon . Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg.
- Carl Eduard Voigtel. In: Magdeburg Biographical Lexicon . Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg.
- August Wilhelm Varges. In: Magdeburg Biographical Lexicon . Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg.
- Johannes Benjamin Brennecke. In: Magdeburg Biographical Lexicon . Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg.
- Johannes Benjamin Brennecke. In: Julius Pagel : Biographical lexicon of outstanding doctors of the nineteenth century. Berlin, Vienna 1901, Sp. 237-238 ( zeno.org ).
- Magdeburg cemeteries and burial sites.
- Gustav Christian Ludwig Kleff. In: Magdeburg Biographical Lexicon . Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg.
- Alkmar von Alvensleben. In: Magdeburg Biographical Lexicon . Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg.
- Hospital of the Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg: First breast milk collection point in Germany. ( idw-online.de ).
- Wolf Gruner: Public welfare and the persecution of the Jews . Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, 2002, ISBN 3-486-56613-X , p. 141 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
- Christel Zipprich-Mohrenweiser: 50 years of vocational college in the medical faculty - more than 10,000 graduates trained. Uni-Report, May 2001.
- Joachim Franz Erich Degenkolbe. In: Magdeburg Biographical Lexicon . Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg.
Emmrich, Josef Peter.
Gerhard Lindemann : The state women's clinic. In: Festschrift 10 Years Medical Academy Magdeburg. 1964.
- History of the German Society for Reproductive Medicine ( Memento of the original from August 1, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Jürgen Emmrich: In memory of the 100th birthday of Prof. Dr. med. habil. Josef-Peter Emmrich. In: Ärzteblatt Sachsen-Anhalt. 20, 2009, p. 60 aerzteblatt-sachsen-anhalt.de ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF).
- Egon Georg Horst Bernoth. In: Magdeburg Biographical Lexicon . Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg.
- Short biography of Bernd Seifert
- Clinic of Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg: Clinic history written - for the 65th birthday of Professor Wolfgang Weise. ( uni-magdeburg.de ).
- Serban-Dan Costa , Hans-Joachim Ahrendt, Jürgen Nieder: Obituary for Professor Wolfgang Weise. ( Memento of the original from February 23, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 225 kB), Frauenarzt 47 (2006), 764
- Births at the Landesfrauenklinik 2015 ( memento of the original dated August 22, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Former homepage of the Clinic for Reproductive Medicine and Gynecological Endocrinology at Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg.