Richard Fikentscher

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Richard Fikentscher (born April 2, 1903 in Augsburg , † June 16, 1993 in Munich ) was a German gynecologist , obstetrician and university professor .

Live and act

Richard Fikentscher, the son of the physicians working in its third generation Health Council and practitioner Dr. med. Max Fikentscher, turned to the High School to study medicine at the universities of Munich and Kiel , where he graduated in Munich with the state examination 1927th In 1928 he received his license to practice medicine and was promoted to Dr. med. PhD . During his studies he became a member of the AGV Munich .

Immediately afterwards, Fikentscher took on an assistant position with privy councilor Max Borst at the Pathological Institute of the University of Munich. In 1931 he moved to Ludwig Nürnberger at the Halle University Women's Clinic in the same position . There he completed his habilitation in 1935 and was appointed senior physician . A year later he became a private lecturer . In 1938 Fikentscher returned to the University of Munich, where he was transferred to the position of senior physician at the II. Women's Clinic under Otto Eisenreich . In 1942 he was appointed an extraordinary professor.

At the end of 1945, Fikentscher was dismissed by the American military government because he was an employee of the Central Office for Public Health of the NSDAP and a member of the party (membership number 2 241 663), as well as a member of the SA , 1st storm doctor of the storm III / 36 Halle, during the time of National Socialism Member of the National Socialist German Medical Association and the National Socialist German Lecturer Association (NSDDB) and was involved in the implementation of forced sterilization.

In the course of denazification , Richard Fikentscher was classified as a follower in the first arbitration chamber proceedings in March 1948, and in the appeal proceedings in July 1948 he received the rating "exonerated".

After Fikentscher had worked as a resident gynecologist in Munich in the post-war years, he was appointed associate professor as director of the II. Gynecological clinic at the University of Lindwurmstrasse in October 1950 and appointed full professor in 1962 . In addition, Fikentscher acted as managing director of the university clinics on the left bank of the Isar from 1953 .

Fikentscher had gained an international reputation for his research on female infertility. One of his students was Kurt Semm , with whom he aroused interest in treating patients with an unfulfilled desire to have children. In 1958 he founded the German Society for the Study of Fertility and Sterility in Munich with Josef-Peter Emmrich ( Magdeburg ), Kurt Semm ( Munich ), Paul Jordan ( Münster ) and Harry Tillmann ( Gießen ) , which was renamed the German Society for Reproductive Medicine in 1998 has been. In 1958, Fikentscher transferred the postulate of his former Halle boss Nürnberger that one no longer has to treat sterile women but rather sterile marriages in his scheme for the treatment of sterile marriages, which has become a trend-setter in specialist literature around the world and still exists today.

In 1973 Richard Fikentscher retired , but worked in private practice until he was 85. He died in Munich in June 1993 at the age of 90.


Richard Fikentscher was made an honorary member of the Bavarian Society for Obstetrics and Gynecology and the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics .

Fonts (selection)

  • Multiple infarction of the kidneys with encarteritis luetica obliterans: a contribution to Heubner's endarteritis and renal syphilis. Dissertation , Ludwig Maximilians University Munich , 1928
  • Investigations into porphyrin metabolism during pregnancy, Enke, Stuttgart, 1935
  • Lectures given at the joint conference of the German Society for the Study of Fertility and Sterility and the Austrian Society for the Study of Sterility and Fertility in Lindau / Bodensee on September 30, 1959, in: Volume 2 of contributions to fertility and sterility, Enke, Stuttgart, 1960


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Association of Alter SVer (VASV): Address book and Vademecum. Ludwigshafen am Rhein 1959, p. 41.
  2. Jana Grimm: Forced Sterilization of Girls and Women during National Socialism: An analysis of the medical records of the Halle University Women's Clinic from 1934 to 1945. Dissertation , Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg , 2004, excerpt online
  3. a b Wolfgang Frobenius: The re-filling of the gynecological chairs in Bavaria after 1945. In: Christoph Anthuber, Matthias W. Beckmann , Johannes Dietl , Fritz Dross, Wolfgang Frobenius (eds.): Challenges - 100 years of the Bavarian Society for Obstetrics and Gynecology. Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart - New York 2012, ISBN 978-3-13-171571-5 , pp. 149-189.
  4. Richard Fikentscher's personal file, decision of the Chamber of Judges of July 12, 1948, Munich University Archives E ‑ II ‑ 1305
  5. ^ History of the German Society for Reproductive Medicine ( Memento from June 20, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
  6. Kurt Semm : The influence of German gynecology on the diagnosis and therapy of female and male sterility. In: Lutwin Beck (Ed.): On the history of gynecology and obstetrics: On the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics. Springer-Verlag, 2013, ISBN 978-3-64-271092-6 , pp. 267-275.
  7. Press release of the LMU Munich from April 6, 1993